Infection-induced hematopoiesis: a zebrafish perspective.
ABSTRACT In response to infection, the bone marrow adjusts production of leukocyte cell types to fight off disease. In this issue of Cell Stem Cell, Hall et al. (2012) use the zebrafish model to show that nitric oxide (NO) production drives expansion of hematopoietic progenitors to produce more granulocytes.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Zebrafish model systems for infectious disease are increasingly used for the functional analysis of molecular pattern recognition processes. These studies benefit from the high conservation level of all innate immune factors in vertebrates. Zebrafish studies are strategically well positioned for this because of the ease of comparisons with studies in other fish species of which the immune system also have been intensively studied, but that are currently still less amendable to detailed genetic or microscopic studies. In this paper we focus on Toll-like receptor (TLR) signalling factors, which currently are the best characterized in mammalian systems. We review the knowledge on TLR signalling in the context of recent advances in zebrafish studies and discuss possibilities for future approaches that can complement studies in cell cultures and rodent models. A focus in these comparisons is the role of negative control mechanisms in immune responses that appear very important in an whole organism to keep adverse systemic responses in check. We also pay much attention to comparisons with studies in common carp that is highly related to zebrafish and that because of its large body mass can complement immune studies in zebrafish.Developmental and comparative immunology 02/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.dci.2014.02.003 · 3.71 Impact Factor