Fine structure in isotopic peak distributions measured using a dynamically harmonized Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance cell at 7 T.
ABSTRACT The fine structure of isotopic peak clusters in mass spectra of reserpine and substance P are measured using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry at a 7 T magnetic field. The resolved peaks in the fine structure consist of (13)C, (15)N, (17)O, (18)O, (2)H, (33)S, (34)S, and combinations of them. A recently introduced high-resolution ion cyclotron resonance cell (Nikolaev, E. N.; Boldin, I. A.; Jertz, R.; Baykut, G. J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 2011, 22, 1125-1133) is used in these experiments. The positions of the experimentally obtained fine structure peaks on the mass scale agree with the isotopic distribution simulations with ≤200 ppb error. Some deviation from the theoretical isotopic distribution is observed, less abundant peaks in the fine structure patterns are a little suppressed compared to the larger ones. We present a method for atomic composition determination using accurate mass data and fine isotopic structure of the mass spectrum. Our method combines the traditional atomic composition determination from accurate mass data by enumeration of all possible formulas within constraints defined a priori with the estimation of element coefficients from resolved isotopic structures. These estimated values allow one to narrow the search space for the composition and therefore to reduce the number of candidate formulas.
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ABSTRACT: Resolving power of about 12,000 000 at m/z 675 has been achieved on low field homogeneity 4.7 T magnet using a dynamically harmonized Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT ICR) cell. Mass spectra of the fine structure of the isotopic distribution of a peptide were obtained and strong discrimination of small intensity peaks was observed in case of resonance excitation of the ions of the whole isotopic cluster to the same cyclotron radius. The absence of some peaks from the mass spectra of the fine structure was explained basing on results of computer simulations showing strong ion cloud interactions, which cause the coalescence of peaks with m/z close to that of the highest magnitude peak. The way to prevent peak discrimination is to excite ion clouds of different m/z to different cyclotron radii, which was demonstrated and investigated both experimentally and by computer simulations.Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 03/2014; · 3.59 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer intricately couples advanced physics, instrumentation, and electronics with chemical and particularly biochemical research. However, general understanding of the data processing methodologies used lags instrumentation, and most data processing algorithms we are familiar with in FT-ICR are not well studied; thus, professional skill and training in FT-ICR operation and data analysis is still the key to achieve high performance in FT-ICR. This review article is focused on FT-ICR data processing, and explains the procedures step-by-step for users with the goal of maximizing spectral features, such as mass accuracy, resolving power, dynamic range, and detection limits. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Mass Spec Rev.Mass Spectrometry Reviews 01/2014; · 8.05 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT ICR) mass spectrometer offers highest resolving power and mass accuracy among all types of mass spectrometers. Its unique analytical characteristics made FT ICR important tool for proteomics, metabolomics, petroleomics, and investigation of complex mixtures. Signal acquisition in FT ICR MS takes long time (up to minutes). During this time ion-ion interaction considerably affects ion motion and result in decreasing of the resolving power. Understanding of those effects required complicated theory and supercomputer simulations but culminated in the invention of the ion trap with dynamic harmonization which demonstrated the highest resolving power ever achieved. In this review we summarize latest achievements in theory and simulation of FT ICR mass spectrometers. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Mass Spec Rev.Mass Spectrometry Reviews 02/2014; · 8.05 Impact Factor