Highly sensitive electrochemical detection of proteins using aptamer-coated gold nanoparticles and surface enzyme reactions.

Department of Chemistry and Green-Nano Materials Research Center, Kyungpook National University, 1370 Sankyuk-dong, Buk-gu, Daegu-city, 702-701, Republic of Korea.
The Analyst (Impact Factor: 3.91). 02/2012; 137(9):2011-6. DOI: 10.1039/c2an15994e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A novel electrochemical detection methodology is described for the femtomolar detection of proteins which utilizes both DNA aptamer-functionalized nanoparticles and a surface enzymatic reaction. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) was used as a model protein biomarker, which possesses two distinct epitopes for antibody (anti-IgE) and DNA aptamer binding. A surface sandwich assay format was utilized involving the specific adsorption of IgE onto a gold electrode surface that was pre-modified with a monolayer of aptamer-nanoparticle conjugates followed by the specific interaction of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) conjugated anti-IgE. To clearly demonstrate the signal enhancement associated with nanoparticle use, anodic current measurements of the ALP catalyzed oxidation of the enzyme substrate 4-aminophenylphosphate (APP) were also compared with electrode surfaces upon which the aptamer was directly attached. The detection of an unlabelled protein at concentrations as low as 5 fM is a significant improvement compared to conventional electrochemical-based immunoassay approaches and provides a foundation for the practical use and incorporation of nanoparticle-enhanced detection into electrochemical biosensing technologies.

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