PP6 Regulatory Subunit R1 Is Bidentate Anchor for Targeting Protein Phosphatase-6 to DNA-dependent Protein Kinase

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia 22908, USA.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 02/2012; 287(12):9230-9. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.333708
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT DNA-dependent protein kinase (DNA-PK) becomes activated in response to DNA double strand breaks, initiating repair by the non-homologous end joining pathway. DNA·PK complexes with the regulatory subunit SAPSR1 (R1) of protein phosphatase-6 (PP6). Knockdown of either R1 or PP6c prevents DNA-PK activation in response to ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage and radiosensitizes glioblastoma cells. Here, we demonstrate that R1 is necessary for and bridges the interaction between DNA-PK and PP6c. Using R1 deletion mutants, DNA-PK binding was mapped to two distinct regions of R1 spanning residues 1-326 and 522-700. Either region expressed alone was sufficient to bind DNA-PK, but only deletion of residues 1-326, not 522-700, eliminated interaction of R1 with DNA-PK. We assign 1-326 as the dominant domain and 522-700 as the supporting region. These results demonstrate that R1 acts as a bidentate anchor to DNA-PK and recruits PP6c. Targeting the dominant interface with small molecule or peptidomimetic inhibitors could specifically prevent activation of DNA-PK and thereby sensitize cells to ionizing radiation and other genotoxic agents.

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