A new objective scoring system for the prediction of successful induction of labour.
ABSTRACT A prospective study was done in 311 women undergoing induction of labour for the formulation of a new score, which will be more objective than the conventional Bishop's score. Pre-induction cervical assessment was done by the transvaginal sonographic parameters followed by the digital examination. Labour induction was successful in 79.09%. A new score was formulated using the parameters having independent association and weighting of individual components was given according to its regression coefficients. A new score with a maximum value of 13 was proposed. The best cut-off point for the new score in receiver operating characteristics curve was six with a sensitivity of 95.5% and specificity of 84.6%. The new score was found to have a better area under the curve than the conventional score.
- Obstetrics and Gynecology 09/1964; 24:266-8. · 4.37 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To examine the effect of pre-induction cervical length, parity, gestational age at induction, maternal age and body mass index (BMI) on the possibility of successful delivery in women undergoing induction of labor. In 822 singleton pregnancies, induction of labor was carried out at 35 to 42(+6) weeks of gestation. The cervical length was measured by transvaginal sonography before induction. The effect of cervical length, parity, gestational age, maternal age and BMI on the interval between induction and vaginal delivery within 24 hours was investigated using Cox's proportional hazard model. The likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 hours and risk for cesarean section overall and for failure to progress was investigated using logistic regression analysis. Successful vaginal delivery within 24 hours of induction occurred in 530 (64.5%) of the 822 women. Cesarean sections were performed in 161 (19.6%) cases, 70 for fetal distress and 91 for failure to progress. Cox's proportional hazard model indicated that significant prediction of the induction-to-delivery interval was provided by the pre-induction cervical length (HR=0.89, 95% CI 0.88-0.90, p<0.0001), parity (HR=2.39, 95% CI 1.98-2.88, p<0.0001), gestational age (HR=1.13, 95% CI 1.07-1.2, p=or<0.0001) and birth weight percentile (HR=0.995, 95% CI 0.99-0.995, p=0.001), but not by maternal age or BMI. Logistic regression analysis indicated that significant prediction of the likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 hours was provided by pre-induction cervical length (OR=0.86, 95% CI 0.84-0.88, p<0.0001), parity (OR=3.59, 95% CI 2.47-5.22, p<0.0001) and gestational age (OR=1.19, 95% CI 1.07-1.32, p=or<0.0001) but not by BMI or maternal age. The risk of cesarean section overall was significantly associated with all the variables under consideration, i.e., pre-induction cervical length (OR=1.09, 95% CI 1.06-1.11, p<0.0001), parity (OR=0.25, 95% CI 0.17-0.38, p<0.0001), BMI (OR=1.85, 95% CI 1.24-2.74, p=0.0024), gestational age (OR=0.88, 95% CI 0.78-0.98, p=0.0215) and maternal age (OR=1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.07, p=0.0192). The risk of cesarean section for failure to progress was also significantly associated with pre-induction cervical length (OR=1.11, 95% CI 1.07-1.14, p<0.0001), parity (OR=0.26, 95% CI 0.15-0.43, p<0.0001), gestational age (OR=0.83, 95% CI 0.73-0.96, p=0.0097) and BMI (OR=2.07, 95% CI 1.27-3.37, p=0.0036). In women undergoing induction of labor, pre-induction cervical length, parity, gestational age at induction, maternal age and BMI have a significant effect on the interval between induction and delivery within 24 hours, likelihood of vaginal delivery within 24 hours and the risk of cesarean section.Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine 06/2005; 17(5):315-22. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy of ultrasonographic cervical assessment with Bishop score before induction of labour in predicting the success of labour induction in nulliparous women. This is a prospective study conducted in 138 women who underwent cervical assessment with transvaginal sonography followed by digital cervical assessment using Bishop score before induction of labour. Ultrasonographic parameters evaluated were cervical length, posterior cervical angle and funnelling were blinded to the managing physicians. Statistical analysis was carried out using Mann-Whitney test, chi2 test, receiver operating characteristics curves and logistic regression analysis. Induction of labour was successful in 106 (76.8%) of the women. Multiple logistic regression analysis demonstrated cervical length and posterior cervical angle assessed by transvaginal sonography as independent predictors of successful outcome after induction of labour. Neither Bishop score nor its individual parameters were found to be significant in the regression analysis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for cervical length and posterior cervical angle was greater than that of the Bishop score in predicting a successful labour induction. The best cut-off point for the parameters in receiver operating characteristics curve was 3.0 cm for cervical length and 100 degrees for posterior cervical angle. Cervical length of 3.0 cm had a sensitivity of 84.9%, and a specificity of 90.6% and a posterior cervical angle of 100 degrees with 65% and 72%, respectively. Transvaginal sonographic assessment of cervical length and posterior cervical angle is better than conventional Bishop score in predicting successful labour induction in nulliparous women.Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 11/2007; 47(5):389-93. · 1.62 Impact Factor