Clinical predictors at diagnosis of disabling pediatric Crohn's disease.
ABSTRACT Identification of children with Crohn's disease (CD) at high risk of disabling disease would be invaluable in guiding initial therapy. Our study aimed to identify predictors at diagnosis of a subsequent disabling course in a population-based cohort of patients with pediatric-onset CD.
Among 537 patients with pediatric CD diagnosed at <17 years of age, 309 (57%) with 5-year follow-up were included. Clinical and demographic factors associated with subsequent disabling CD were studied. Three definitions of disabling CD were used: Saint-Antoine and Liège Hospitals' definitions and a new pediatric definition based on the presence at maximal follow-up of: 1) growth delay defined by body mass index (BMI), weight or height lower than -2 SD Z score; and 2) at least one intestinal resection or two anal interventions. Predictors were determined using multivariate analyses and their accuracy using the kappa method considering a relevant value ≥0.6.
According to the Saint-Antoine definition, the rate of disabling CD was 77% and predictors were complicated behavior and L1 location. According to the Liège definition, the rate was 37% and predictors included behavior, upper gastrointestinal disease, and extraintestinal manifestations. According to the pediatric definition, the rate of disabling CD was 15%, and predictors included complicated behavior, age <14, and growth delay at diagnosis. Kappa values for each combination of predictors were, respectively, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.2 and were nonrelevant.
Clinical parameters at diagnosis are insufficient to predict a disabling course of pediatric CD. More complex models including serological and genetic biomarkers should be tested. (Inflamm Bowel Dis 2012;).
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ABSTRACT: : This review describes the history of U.S. government funding for surveillance programs in inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), provides current estimates of the incidence and prevalence of IBD in the United States, and enumerates a number of challenges faced by current and future IBD surveillance programs. A rationale for expanding the focus of IBD surveillance beyond counts of incidence and prevalence, to provide a greater understanding of the burden of IBD, disease etiology, and pathogenesis, is provided. Lessons learned from other countries are summarized, in addition to potential resources that may be used to optimize a new form of IBD surveillance in the United States. A consensus recommendation on the goals and available resources for a new model for disease surveillance are provided. This new model should focus on "surveillance of the burden of disease," including (1) natural history of disease and (2) outcomes and complications of the disease and/or treatments.Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 11/2013; 20(2). DOI:10.1097/01.MIB.0000435441.30107.8b · 5.48 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The clinical presentations of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) prior to diagnosis are so diverse or vague that many of them waste time before final diagnosis. This study was undertaken to know the medical history of the pediatric patients until the final diagnosis could be reached. The medical records of all pediatric patients who were diagnosed with IBD (Crohn's disease [CD] in 14 children, ulcerative colitis [UC] in 17) during the last 13 years were reviewed. We investigated the length of the diagnostic time lag, chief clinical presentation, and any useful laboratory predictor among the routinely performed examinations. Indeterminate colitis was not included. The mean ages of children at the final diagnosis was similar in both diseases. As for the pre-clinical past history of bowel symptoms in CD patients, 5 were previously healthy, 9 had had 1-3 gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, weight loss, bloody stool, anemia and rectal prolapse. With UC, 9 were previously healthy, 8 had had 1-3 GI symptoms, bloody stool, anorexia. The average diagnostic time lag with CD was 3.36 months, and with UC 2.2 months. Body mass index (BMI) and the initial basic laboratory data (white blood cell, hemoglobin, mean corpuscular volume, serum albumin, and serum total protein) were lower in CD, statistically significant only in BMI. IBD shows diverse clinical symptoms before its classical features, making the patients waste time until diagnosis. It is important to concern possibility of IBD even in the mildly sick children who do not show the characteristic symptoms of IBD.09/2013; 16(3):178-84. DOI:10.5223/pghn.2013.16.3.178
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ABSTRACT: IBD includes two classic entities, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, and a third undetermined form (IBD-U), characterized by a chronic relapsing course resulting in a high rate of morbidity and impaired quality of life. Children with IBD are vulnerable in terms of growth failure, malnutrition and emotional effects. The aims of therapy have now transitioned from symptomatic control to the achievement of mucosal healing and deep remission. This type of therapy has been made possible by the advent of disease-modifying drugs, such as biologic agents, which are capable of interrupting the inflammatory cascade underlying IBD. Biologic agents are generally administered in patients who are refractory to conventional therapies. However, there is growing support that such agents could be used in the initial phases of the disease, typically in paediatric patients, to interrupt and cease the inflammatory process. Until several years ago, most therapeutic programmes in paediatric patients with IBD were borrowed from adult trials, whereas paediatric studies were often retrospective and uncontrolled. However, guidelines on therapeutic management of paediatric IBD and controlled, prospective, randomized trials including children with IBD have now been published. Here, the current knowledge concerning treatment options for children with IBD are reported. We also highlight the effectiveness and safety of new therapeutic advances in these paediatric patients.Nature Reviews Gastroenterology & Hepatology 08/2013; DOI:10.1038/nrgastro.2013.158 · 10.81 Impact Factor