Two-photon absorption of metal-organic DNA-probes.

Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Dalton Transactions (Impact Factor: 4.1). 02/2012; 41(11):3123-5. DOI: 10.1039/c2dt12264b
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We report remarkable multiphoton absorption properties of DNA intercalating ruthenium complexes: (1) [Ru(phen)(2)dppz](2+); (2) [(11,11'-bidppz)(phen)(4)Ru(2)](4+); (3) [11,11'-bipb(phen)(4)Ru(2)](4+). Two-photon spectra in the range from 460 to 1100 nm were measured using the Z-scan technique. In particular, complex 2 was found to exhibit very strong two- and three-photon absorption properties, which could be an effect of symmetric charge transfer from the ends towards the middle of the conjugated dimeric orbital system. We propose that these molecules could provide a new generation of DNA binding nonlinear chromophores for wide applications in biology and material science. The combination of a large two-photon cross section and strong luminescence quantum yields for the molecules when intercalated makes the compounds uniquely bright and photo-stable probes for two-photon luminescence imaging and also promising as enhanced photosensitizers in two-photon sensitizing applications.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Fibrillization of peptides leads to the formation of amyloid fibres, which, when in large aggregates, are responsible for diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's1, 2, 3, 4. Here, we show that amyloids have strong nonlinear optical absorption, which is not present in native non-fibrillized protein. Z-scan5 and pump–probe experiments indicate that insulin and lysozyme β-amyloids, as well as α-synuclein fibres, exhibit either two-photon, three-photon or higher multiphoton absorption processes, depending on the wavelength of light. We propose that the enhanced multiphoton absorption is due to a cooperative mechanism6 involving through-space dipolar coupling between excited states of aromatic amino acids densely packed in the fibrous structures. This finding will provide the opportunity to develop nonlinear optical techniques to detect and study amyloid structures and also suggests that new protein-based materials with sizable multiphoton absorption could be designed for specific applications in nanotechnology, photonics and optoelectronics.
    Nature Photonics 11/2013; 7(12):969-972. · 29.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The first transition-metal complex-based two-photon absorbing luminescence lifetime probes for cellular DNA are presented. This allows cell imaging of DNA free from endogenous fluorophores and potentially facilitates deep tissue imaging. In this initial study, ruthenium(II) luminophores are used as phosphorescent lifetime imaging microscopy (PLIM) probes for nuclear DNA in both live and fixed cells. The DNA-bound probes display characteristic emission lifetimes of more than 160 ns, while shorter-lived cytoplasmic emission is also observed. These timescales are orders of magnitude longer than conventional FLIM, leading to previously unattainable levels of sensitivity, autofluorescence-free imaging.
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 01/2014; · 11.34 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The synergy of push-pull substitution and enlarged ligand bite angles has been used in functionalized heteroleptic bis(tridentate) polypyridine complexes of ruthenium(II) to shift the (1) MLCT absorption and the (3) MLCT emission to lower energy, enhance the emission quantum yield, and to prolong the (3) MLCT excited-state lifetime. In these complexes, that is, [Ru(ddpd)(EtOOC-tpy)][PF6 ]2 , [Ru(ddpd-NH2 )(EtOOC-tpy)][PF6 ]2 , [Ru(ddpd){(MeOOC)3 -tpy}][PF6 ]2 , and [Ru(ddpd-NH2 ){(EtOOC)3 -tpy}][PF6 ]2 the combination of the electron-accepting 2,2';6',2''-terpyridine (tpy) ligand equipped with one or three COOR substituents with the electron-donating N,N'-dimethyl-N,N'-dipyridin-2-ylpyridine-2,6-diamine (ddpd) ligand decorated with none or one NH2 group enforces spatially separated and orthogonal frontier orbitals with a small HOMO-LUMO gap resulting in low-energy (1) MLCT and (3) MLCT states. The extended bite angle of the ddpd ligand increases the ligand field splitting and pushes the deactivating (3) MC state to higher energy. The properties of the new isomerically pure mixed ligand complexes have been studied by using electrochemistry, UV/Vis absorption spectroscopy, static and time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy, and transient absorption spectroscopy. The experimental data were rationalized by using density functional calculations on differently charged species (charge n=0-4) and on triplet excited states ((3) MLCT and (3) MC) as well as by time-dependent density functional calculations (excited singlet states).
    Chemistry - A European Journal 09/2013; · 5.93 Impact Factor