Three-dimensional solution structure of bottromycin A2: a potent antibiotic active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci.

School of Pharmacy, Kitasato University, 5–9–1 Shirokane, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin (Impact Factor: 1.38). 01/2012; 60(2):169-71. DOI: 10.1248/cpb.60.169
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The three-dimensional (3D) structure of bottromycin A(2), a natural anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and anti-vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) agent consisting of seven amino acids, has been investigated through NMR spectroscopy. On the basis of 57 experimental constraints, a total of 34 converged structures were obtained. The average pairwise atomic root mean square difference is 0.74±0.59 Å for all heavy atoms. The resulting structure indicates an interesting feature in that the three C-terminal residues of bottromycin A(2) fold back on the 12-membered cyclic skeleton made by the four N-terminal residues. Thus, MePro(2) and Thia-β-Ala-OMe(7), modification of which significantly affects the antibacterial activities of bottromycin A(2), are located on one side of its 3D structure. These distinct structural features might be important for the binding of bottromycin A(2) with the bacterial ribosome.

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