Sequence determinants governing the topology and biological activity of a lasso peptide, microcin J25.
ABSTRACT Microcin J25 is a potent antibacterial peptide produced by Escherichia coli AY25. It displays a lasso structure, which consists of a knot involving an N-terminal macrolactam ring through which the C-terminal tail is threaded and sterically trapped. In this study, we rationally designed and performed site-specific mutations in order to pinpoint the sequence determinants of the lasso topology. Structures of the resulting variants were analysed by a combination of methods (mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy, enzymatic digestion), and correlated to the antibacterial activity. The selected mutations resulted in the production of branched-cyclic or lasso variants. The C-terminal residues below the ring (Tyr20, Gly21) and the size of the macrolactam ring were revealed to be critical for both the lasso scaffold and bioactivity, while shortening the loop region (Tyr9-Ser18) or extending the C-terminal tail below the ring did not alter the lasso structure, but differentially affected the antibacterial activity. These results provide new insights for the bioengineering of antibacterial agents using a lasso peptide as template.
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ABSTRACT: Selection of spontaneous mutants for insensitivity to the peptide antibiotic microcin 25 led to the isolation of five categories of mutants. Phenotypic and mapping studies showed the mutations to be located in the fhuA, exb, tonB, and sbmA genes. The latter encodes a cytoplasmic membrane protein which is also required for the penetration of microcin B17.Journal of Bacteriology 07/1995; 177(11):3323-5. · 3.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A 4.8-kb plasmid region carrying the four genes mcjABCD necessary for production of and immunity to the cyclic peptide antibiotic microcin J25 (MccJ25) has been sequenced. mcjA encodes the primary structure of MccJ25 as a precursor endowed with an N-terminal extension of 37 amino acids. The products of mcjB and mcjC are thought to be involved in microcin maturation, which implies cleavage of McjA and head-tail linkage of the 21-residue pro-MccJ25. The predicted McjD polypeptide, which is highly similar to several ABC exporters, was found to be required for MccJ25 secretion, thus explaining its ability to confer immunity to MccJ25.Journal of Bacteriology 05/1999; 181(8):2659-62. · 3.19 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To address data management and data exchange problems in the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) community, the Collaborative Computing Project for the NMR community (CCPN) created a "Data Model" that describes all the different types of information needed in an NMR structural study, from molecular structure and NMR parameters to coordinates. This paper describes the development of a set of software applications that use the Data Model and its associated libraries, thus validating the approach. These applications are freely available and provide a pipeline for high-throughput analysis of NMR data. Three programs work directly with the Data Model: CcpNmr Analysis, an entirely new analysis and interactive display program, the CcpNmr FormatConverter, which allows transfer of data from programs commonly used in NMR to and from the Data Model, and the CLOUDS software for automated structure calculation and assignment (Carnegie Mellon University), which was rewritten to interact directly with the Data Model. The ARIA 2.0 software for structure calculation (Institut Pasteur) and the QUEEN program for validation of restraints (University of Nijmegen) were extended to provide conversion of their data to the Data Model. During these developments the Data Model has been thoroughly tested and used, demonstrating that applications can successfully exchange data via the Data Model. The software architecture developed by CCPN is now ready for new developments, such as integration with additional software applications and extensions of the Data Model into other areas of research.Proteins Structure Function and Bioinformatics 07/2005; 59(4):687-96. · 3.34 Impact Factor