Analysis of local control in patients receiving IMRT for resected pancreatic cancers.
ABSTRACT Intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) is increasingly incorporated into therapy for pancreatic cancer. A concern regarding this technique is the potential for geographic miss and decreased local control. We analyzed patterns of first failure among patients treated with IMRT for resected pancreatic cancer.
Seventy-one patients who underwent resection and adjuvant chemoradiation for pancreas cancer are included in this report. IMRT was used for all to a median dose of 50.4 Gy. Concurrent chemotherapy was 5-FU-based in 72% of patients and gemcitabine-based in 28%.
At median follow-up of 24 months, 49/71 patients (69%) had failed. The predominant failure pattern was distant metastases in 35/71 patients (49%). The most common site of metastases was the liver. Fourteen patients (19%) developed locoregional failure in the tumor bed alone in 5 patients, regional nodes in 4 patients, and concurrently with metastases in 5 patients. Median overall survival (OS) was 25 months. On univariate analysis, nodal status, margin status, postoperative CA 19-9 level, and weight loss during treatment were predictive for OS. On multivariate analysis, higher postoperative CA19-9 levels predicted for worse OS on a continuous basis (p < 0.01). A trend to worse OS was seen among patients with more weight loss during therapy (p = 0.06). Patients with positive nodes and positive margins also had significantly worse OS (HR for death 2.8, 95% CI 1.1-7.5; HR for death 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-6.2, respectively). Grade 3-4 nausea and vomiting was seen in 8% of patients. Late complication of small bowel obstruction occurred in 4 (6%) patients.
This is the first comprehensive report of patterns of failure among patients treated with adjuvant IMRT for pancreas cancer. IMRT was not associated with an increase in local recurrences in our cohort. These data support the use of IMRT in the recently activated EORTC/US Intergroup/RTOG 0848 adjuvant pancreas trial.
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ABSTRACT: Background: The goal of this retrospective study was to evaluate patient characteristics, treatment modalities and prognostic factors in Turkish patients with pancreatic cancer. Materials and Methods: Between January 1997 and December 2012, 64 patients who presented to the Department of Radiation Oncology, Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine with a diagnosis of pancreatic cancer were evaluated. The E/K ratio of the cases was 2.4/1 and the median age was 59.6 (32-80) years, respectively. Some 11 cases (18%) were stage 1, 21 (34.4%) were stage 2, 10 (16.4%) were stage 3, and 19 (31.1%) were metastatic. Results: The mean follow-up time was 15.7 months (0.7-117.5) and loco-regional recurrence was noted in 11 (40.7%) who underwent surgery while metastases were observed in 41 patients (66.1%). The median overall survival (OS) was 11.2 months and the 1, 3 and 5-year OS rates were 41.7%, 9.9% and 7.9% respectively. The median disease-free survival (DFS) was 5.2 month and the1, 2 and 5 year DFS were 22.6%, 7.6% and 3.8% respectively. On univariate analysis, prognostic factors affecting OS included status of the operation (p<0.001), tumor stage (p=0.008), ECOG performance status (p=0.005) and CEA level (p=0.017).On multivariate analysis, prognostic factors affecting survival included status of the operation (p=0.033) and age (p= 0.023). Conclusions: In the current study, age and operation status were independent prognostic factors for overall survival with pancreatic patients. Thus, the patients early diagnosis and treatment ars essential. However, prospective studies with more patients are needed for confirmation.Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2013; 14(11):6573-8. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The recent development of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and improvements in image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) have provided considerable advances in the utilization of radiation therapy (RT) for the management of pancreatic cancer. IGRT allows for the reduction of treatment volumes, potentially less chance of a marginal miss, and quality assurance of gastrointestinal filling, while IMRT has been shown to reduce both sudden and late side effects compared with 3-dimensional conformal RT. Here, we review published data and provide essential recommendations on the utilization of IMRT and IGRT for the management of patients with pancreatic cancer.Seminars in radiation oncology 01/2014; 24(2):132–139. · 4.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pancreatic cancer is the 10th most commonly diagnosed malignancy in the USA and the fourth most common cause of cancer-related death. Worldwide, the mortality incidence ratio approaches 98%. Although only 15–20% of patients present with resectable disease, there is international consensus that complete surgical resection (R0, i.e. grossly and microscopically negative margins) is a vital part of any curative treatment paradigm. Despite advances in surgical technique, peri-operative care, chemotherapy and radiation delivery techniques over the past two decades, 5 year overall survival rates for resected pancreatic cancer with modern therapies remain around 20–25%. There is level I evidence for adjuvant chemotherapy in fully resected pancreatic cancer, but randomised trials examining the role of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy to date do not provide clear support for radiation therapy in this setting. In addition, efforts to increase the proportion of long-term survivors have recently centred on increasing the resectability of locoregional disease by incorporating neoadjuvant treatment before definitive surgery. Post-hoc analysis of randomised data as well as retrospective reviews have shown that there are several independent prognostic factors that may have considerable impact on survival outcomes, complicating interpretation and comparison of historical data. There is considerable interest in adjuvant and neoadjuvant therapy, but there is significant controversy as to whether radiation is of value, especially in the adjuvant context. Herein, we explore the sources of those controversies.Clinical Oncology. 01/2014;