The experience of implementing a 'TB village' for a pastoralist population in Cherrati, Ethiopia

Medical Department, Médecins Sans Frontières, Operational Centre Brussels MSF-Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (Impact Factor: 2.76). 10/2011; 15(10):1367-72. DOI: 10.5588/ijtld.10.0751
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT In Cherrati District, Somali Regional State (SRS), Ethiopia, despite a high burden of tuberculosis (TB), TB control activities are virtually absent. The majority of the population is pastoralist with a mobile lifestyle. TB care and treatment were offered using a 'TB village' approach that included traditional style residential care, community empowerment and awareness raising, provision of essential social amenities and essential food and non-food items.
To describe 1) key aspects of the implementation of the TB village approach, 2) TB treatment outcomes and 3) the lessons learnt during implementation.
Descriptive study.
A total of 297 patients entered the TB village between September 2006 and October 2008; 271 (91%) patients were treated successfully, nine (3%) defaulted and 13 (4%) died.
For pastoralist populations, a TB village approach may be effective for improving access to TB care, ensuring proper adherence to treatment and achieving good overall TB outcomes. The successes and challenges of this approach are discussed.

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