Article

The emerging phenomenon of electronic cigarettes.

Centro per la Prevenzione e Cura del Tabagismo, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele, Università di Catania, Catania, Italy.
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine 02/2012; 6(1):63-74. DOI: 10.1586/ers.11.92
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The need for novel and more effective approaches to tobacco control is unquestionable. The electronic cigarette is a battery-powered electronic nicotine delivery system that looks very similar to a conventional cigarette and is capable of emulating smoking, but without the combustion products accountable for smoking's damaging effects. Smokers who decide to switch to electronic cigarettes instead of continuing to smoke would achieve large health gains. The electronic cigarette is an emerging phenomenon that is becoming increasingly popular with smokers worldwide. Users report buying them to help quit smoking, to reduce cigarette consumption, to relieve tobacco withdrawal symptoms due to workplace smoking restrictions and to continue to have a 'smoking' experience but with reduced health risks. The focus of the present article is the health effects of using electronic cigarettes, with consideration given to the acceptability, safety and effectiveness of this product to serve as a long-term substitute for smoking or as a tool for smoking cessation.

2 Bookmarks
 · 
418 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Electronic cigarettes (e-Cigs) are an attractive long-term alternative nicotine source to conventional cigarettes. Although they may assist smokers to remain abstinent during their quit attempt, studies using first generation e-Cigs report low success rates. Second generation devices (personal vaporisers - PVs) may result in much higher quit rates, but their efficacy and safety in smoking cessation and/or reduction in clinical trials is unreported.
    BMC Public Health 11/2014; 14(1):1159. DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-14-1159 · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Objective: This study provides insight into how electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may affect the social normative environment for tobacco use among college students. Participants: Participants were 244 freshman and sophomore students. Methods: Students completed an online self-report survey in April 2011. Results: There is a higher acceptance rate of e-cigarette smoking in public than traditional tobacco. For intention to use an e-cigarette, the strongest predictor is current tobacco use, followed by a positive orientation toward public use of e-cigarettes. Positive orientation toward public use of e-cigarettes is significantly predicted by the use of alternate tobacco, intention to use or try e-cigarettes, positive orientation toward public use of tobacco, positive attitude toward e-cigarettes, positive perception of social norms for use of e-cigarettes, and favorable orientation toward e-cigarettes as an innovation. Conclusions: These models suggest attitudinal, social normative, innovation, and behavioral factors may combine to bring the e-cigarette into wider use among college students.
    Journal of American College Health 04/2013; 61(3):149-155. DOI:10.1080/07448481.2013.776052 · 1.45 Impact Factor
  • New England Journal of Medicine 09/2014; 371(10):932-43. DOI:10.1056/NEJMsa1405092 · 54.42 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
60 Downloads
Available from
Oct 23, 2014