Quantitative response of volumetric variables measured by a new ultrasound dilution method in a juvenile model of hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation
ABSTRACT New volumetric variables of preload, such as total end-diastolic volume index (TEDVI) and active circulation volume index (ACVI) and central blood volume index (CBVI), may represent good indicators of preload and predictors of fluid responsiveness. During acute changes of intravascular volume these variables would allow a more accurate intervention.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in TEDVI, ACVI, CBVI in a juvenile model of hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation.
Twelve anaesthetized ponies (3-8 months of age) were studied at normovolaemia (BASE), after blood withdrawal to mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 40 mmHg (HEMO), after infusion of norepinephrine to reach a MAP of ± 10% of baseline (HE-NE), and after retransfusion of shed blood (RESU). TEDVI, ACVI, CBVI were measured by Ultrasound Dilution (UD) technology with CoStatus device. Data were analyzed using 1-way (ANOVA) followed by Bonferroni's multiple pairwise comparisons. Evaluation of dependence between CoStatus volumetric variables and stroke volume index (SVI) were performed using the linear regression analysis and calculating the r(2) coefficient of determination.
TEDVI and ACVI changed significantly during HEMO and RESU status. NE administration induced MAP and CVP significant changes, whereas TEDVI and ACVI remained unchanged. CBVI showed high variability and seemed to be inconsistent on the identification of the volume status. In the correlation analysis, only TEDVI consistently correlated with SVI and volume induced SVI changes.
In this animal model, TEDVI and ACVI were superior to CBVI in consistently reflecting hemorrhage. TEDVI but not ACVI and CBVI correlated with volume-induced changes in SVI. NE administration did not affect this correlation.
Article: Cardiac output monitoring in horses.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cardiac output (CO) is the volume of blood pumped out by the heart in 1 minute. Monitoring of CO can guide therapy and improve clinical outcome in critically ill patients and during anesthesia. Although there is increasing research into clinically useful methods of monitoring CO in equine patients, there are limitations to the available methods. There are 4 basic methods of measuring CO: (1) indicator methods, (2) a derivation of the Fick principle, (3) arterial pulse wave analysis, and (4) imaging diagnostic techniques. This article discusses the importance of CO, available technology, and challenges of monitoring CO in equine medicine.The Veterinary clinics of North America. Equine practice 04/2013; 29(1):155-67. DOI:10.1016/j.cveq.2012.11.002 · 0.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To analyze changes in cardiac output and hemodynamic volumes using transpulmonary ultrasound dilution (TPUD) in a neonatal animal model under different hemodynamic conditions. 7 lambs (3.5–8.3 kg) under general anesthesia received arterial and central venous catheters. A Gore-Tex® shunt was surgically inserted between the descending aorta and the left pulmonary artery to mimic a patent ductus arteriosus. After shunt opening and closure, induced hemorrhagic hypotension (by repetitive blood withdrawals) and repetitive volume challenges, the following parameters were assessed using TPUD: cardiac output, active circulating volume index (ACVI), central blood volume index (CBVI) and total end-diastolic volume index (TEDVI). 27 measurement sessions were analyzed. After shunt opening, there was a significant increase in TEDVI and a significant decrease in cardiac output with minimal change in CBVI and ACVI. With shunt closure, these results reversed. After progressive hemorrhage, cardiac output and all volumes decreased significantly, except for ACVI. Following repetitive volume resuscitation, cardiac output increased and all hemodynamic volumes increased significantly. Correlations between changes in COufp and changes in hemodynamic volumes (ACVI 0.83; CBVI 0.84 and TEDVI 0.78 respectively) were (slightly) better than between changes in COufp and changes in heart rate (0.44) and central venous pressure (0.7). Changes in hemodynamic volumes using TPUD were as expected under different conditions. Hemodynamic volumetry using TPUD might be a promising technique that has the potential to improve the assessment and interpretation of the hemodynamic status in critically ill newborns and children.Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 12/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10877-014-9647-6 · 1.45 Impact Factor