Article

Quantitative response of volumetric variables measured by a new ultrasound dilution method in a juvenile model of hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation

Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.
Resuscitation (Impact Factor: 3.96). 01/2012; 83(8):1031-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2012.01.014
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT New volumetric variables of preload, such as total end-diastolic volume index (TEDVI) and active circulation volume index (ACVI) and central blood volume index (CBVI), may represent good indicators of preload and predictors of fluid responsiveness. During acute changes of intravascular volume these variables would allow a more accurate intervention.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the changes in TEDVI, ACVI, CBVI in a juvenile model of hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation.
Twelve anaesthetized ponies (3-8 months of age) were studied at normovolaemia (BASE), after blood withdrawal to mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 40 mmHg (HEMO), after infusion of norepinephrine to reach a MAP of ± 10% of baseline (HE-NE), and after retransfusion of shed blood (RESU). TEDVI, ACVI, CBVI were measured by Ultrasound Dilution (UD) technology with CoStatus device. Data were analyzed using 1-way (ANOVA) followed by Bonferroni's multiple pairwise comparisons. Evaluation of dependence between CoStatus volumetric variables and stroke volume index (SVI) were performed using the linear regression analysis and calculating the r(2) coefficient of determination.
TEDVI and ACVI changed significantly during HEMO and RESU status. NE administration induced MAP and CVP significant changes, whereas TEDVI and ACVI remained unchanged. CBVI showed high variability and seemed to be inconsistent on the identification of the volume status. In the correlation analysis, only TEDVI consistently correlated with SVI and volume induced SVI changes.
In this animal model, TEDVI and ACVI were superior to CBVI in consistently reflecting hemorrhage. TEDVI but not ACVI and CBVI correlated with volume-induced changes in SVI. NE administration did not affect this correlation.

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