Fate of hypointense lesions on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging.
ABSTRACT To investigate the natural outcome and clinical implication of hypointense lesions in the hepatobiliary phase of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI.
Forty patients underwent Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI for preoperative evaluation of HCC. Hypointense lesions in the hepatobiliary phase that were hypovascular 5mm of more were extracted for follow-up. We performed a longitudinal study retrospectively for these lesions regardless of whether classical HCC developed or emerged in a different area from that of the lesions being followed.
Thirty one patients displayed 130 hypointense lesions on MRI and only nine showed no hypointense lesions. In total, 17 (13.1%) of 130 hypointense lesions on MRI developed into classical HCC. The cumulative rates for these lesions to develop into classical HCC were 3.2% at 1 year, 11.1% at 2 years and 15.9% at 3 years. The total occurrence rates of classical HCC (25.8% at 1 year, 52.6% at 2 years and 76.4% at 3 years) were higher compared to those regarding only occurrence of classical HCC from hypointense lesions on MRI (10.0% at 1 year, 35.6% at 2 years and 44.6% at 3 years), although no significant difference was observed (p=0.073).
Hypointense lesions that are detected in the hepatobiliary phase of Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI have some malignant potential, although treating these lesions aggressively in patients who already have HCC may be too severe.
Article: Natural history and prognosis of adenomatous hyperplasia and early hepatocellular carcinoma: multi-institutional analysis of 53 nodules followed up for more than 6 months and 141 patients with single early hepatocellular carcinoma treated by surgical resection or percutaneous ethanol injection.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The natural history and posttherapeutic outcome of adenomatous hyperplasia and early hepatocellular carcinoma have rarely been analyzed. Fifty-three hepatic tumors diagnosed as adenomatous hyperplasia or early hepatocellular carcinoma and followed up for more than 6 months and 141 patients with single early hepatocellular carcinoma treated by surgical resection or ethanol injection were collected retrospectively and analyzed. Some of the adenomatous hyperplasias developed to early and to advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Tumors tended to grow faster in the order adenomatous hyperplasia, early hepatocellular carcinoma and advanced hepatocellular carcinoma, with respective mean (SD) tumor volume doubling times of 21.2 (10.7), 13.9 (11.7) and 6.0 (5.2) months. Overall survival rates at 5 years in 53 patients treated by surgery and 88 patients treated by ethanol injection were 89.6 and 71.9%, respectively. Progression of adenomatous hyperplasia and early HCC was confirmed pathologically. Early HCC was shown to have a good prognosis.Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology 11/1998; 28(10):604-8. · 1.90 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of gadoxetic acid disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for the detection of focal liver lesions, with results of histopathologic examination and/or intraoperative ultrasonography used as a standard of reference. One hundred sixty-nine patients who were known to have or suspected of having focal liver lesions and were scheduled for liver surgery were included in this study. Results in 131 patients could be included in the efficacy analysis. MR imaging was performed before and immediately and 20 minutes after bolus injection of 0.025 mmol/kg of the liver-specific hepatobiliary contrast agent gadoxetic acid. T1-weighted gradient-echo (with and without fat saturation and including dynamic data sets) and T2-weighted fast spin-echo/turbo spin-echo sequences were performed. All images were evaluated on site and by three independent and blinded off-site reviewers. Lesion matching based on the standard-of-reference results was performed. Differences in lesion detection with precontrast and with postcontrast MR images were assessed with the two-sided Wilcoxon signed rank test. Gadoxetic acid was well tolerated. In the on-site review, the number of patients in whom all lesions were correctly matched increased from 89 of 129 patients at precontrast MR imaging to 103 of 129 patients at postcontrast MR imaging. In the off-site evaluation, the number of patients in whom all lesions were correctly matched and the corresponding sensitivity values increased from 72 (55.8%), 68 (52.7%), and 66 (51.2%) with the precontrast images to 88 (68.2%), 69 (53.5%), and 76 (58.9%) with the postcontrast images for readers 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Two of the three blinded readers showed a statistically significant difference in lesion detection between precontrast and postcontrast MR imaging (P <.001 and P =.008). A large number of additionally correctly detected and localized lesions were smaller than 1 cm. MR imaging with gadoxetic acid is safe and improves lesion detection and localization.Radiology 02/2004; 230(1):266-75. · 6.34 Impact Factor