Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps: a proteomic analysis.
ABSTRACT Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) is a severe subtype of chronic rhinosinusitis that can affect patients despite medical and surgical interventions. The purpose of this study was to utilize the techniques of proteomics to investigate differences in protein abundance within the sinonasal mucosa of patients with CRSwNP compared to healthy controls.
In a case-control study at a tertiary-care academic medical center, sinonasal mucosa was harvested from 3 patients with CRSwNP and 3 control patients undergoing transsphenoidal excision of pituitary tumors. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to identify proteins with elevated or reduced abundance in CRSwNP patients compared to controls. The proteins showing the greatest abundance differences were characterized by mass spectrometry.
More than 300 differentially abundant proteins (p < or = 0.05) were identified. Many of these protein species were involved in the host inflammatory response. Proteins up-regulated in CRSwNP patients included eosinophil lysophospholipase by a ratio (R) of 18.13, RHO-GDP dissociation inhibitor 2 (R = 2.80), and apolipoprotein A-1 (R = 1.73). Down-regulated proteins in CRSwNP patients included catalase (R = -5.87), annexin A1 (R = -6.27), and keratin II-8 (R = -6.73). A detailed analysis of additional protein species is outlined.
The proteomic approach allows detection of significant differences in protein abundance in CRSwNP and provides unique insight into the pathophysiology of this common disease.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The cause of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) remains unclear. Study of the genetic susceptibility to CRS might be a valuable strategy to understand the pathogenesis of this burdensome disorder. The purpose of this review is to critically evaluate the current literature regarding the genetics of CRS in a comprehensive fashion. The most promising findings from candidate gene studies include the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR), as well as genes involved in antigen presentation, innate and adaptive immune responses, tissue remodeling, and arachidonic acid metabolism. We also review the few hypothesis-independent genetic studies of CRS (ie, linkage analysis and pooling-based genome-wide association studies). Interpretation of the current literature is limited by challenges with study design, sparse replication, few functional correlates of associated polymorphisms, and inadequate examination of linkage disequilibrium or expression quantitative trait loci for reported associations. Given the relationship of CRS to other airway disorders with well-characterized genetic components (eg, asthma), study of the genetics of CRS deserves increased attention and investment, including the organization of large, detailed, and collaborative studies to advance knowledge of the mechanisms that underlie this disorder.The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 04/2013; 131(4):977-993.e5. DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2013.01.028 · 11.25 Impact Factor