A proteome comparison between physiological angiogenesis and angiogenesis in glioblastoma.
ABSTRACT The molecular pathways involved in neovascularization of regenerating tissues and tumor angiogenesis resemble each other. However, the regulatory mechanisms of neovascularization under neoplastic circumstances are unbalanced leading to abnormal protein expression patterns resulting in the formation of defective and often abortive tumor vessels. Because gliomas are among the most vascularized tumors, we compared the protein expression profiles of proliferating vessels in glioblastoma with those in tissues in which physiological angiogenesis takes place. By using a combination of laser microdissection and LTQ Orbitrap mass spectrometry comparisons of protein profiles were made. The approach yielded 29 and 12 differentially expressed proteins for glioblastoma and endometrium blood vessels, respectively. The aberrant expression of five proteins, i.e. periostin, tenascin-C, TGF-beta induced protein, integrin alpha-V, and laminin subunit beta-2 were validated by immunohistochemistry. In addition, pathway analysis of the differentially expressed proteins was performed and significant differences in the usage of angiogenic pathways were found. We conclude that there are essential differences in protein expression profiles between tumor and normal physiological angiogenesis.
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ABSTRACT: Candidate protein biomarker discovery by full automatic integration of Orbitrap full MS1 spectral peptide profiling and X!Tandem MS2 peptide sequencing is investigated by analyzing mass spectra from brain tumor samples using Peptrix. Potential protein candidate biomarkers found for angiogenesis are compared with those previously reported in literature and obtained from previous Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) peptide profiling. Lower mass accuracy of peptide masses measured by Orbitrap compared to those measured by FT-ICR is compensated by the larger number of detected masses separated by liquid chromatography (LC), which can be directly linked to protein identifications. The number of peptide sequences divided by the number of unique sequences is 9248/6911 ≈ 1.3. Peptide sequences appear 1.3 times redundant per up-regulated protein on average in the peptide profile matrix, and don't seem always up-regulated due to tailing in LC retention time (40%), modifications (40%) and mass determination errors (20%). Significantly up-regulated proteins found by integration of X!Tandem are described in literature as tumor markers and some are linked to angiogenesis. New potential biomarkers are found, but need to be validated independently. Eventually more proteins could be found by actively involving MS2 sequence information in the creation of the MS1 peptide profile matrix.Genomics Proteomics & Bioinformatics 04/2013;
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ABSTRACT: The identification of differences in vascular architecture and utilization of angiogenic pathways is a first step for identifying specific targets for tailored antiangiogenic therapies of brain tumor patients. Here, we compared the proliferating vasculature of 2 glioma subtypes with entirely different biologic behaviors and molecular background at the immunophenotype and gene expression levels. Proliferating vessels in 13 pilocytic astrocytomas and 8 glioblastomas were compared for differences in the composition of the vascular walls using confocal microscopy for markers of endothelial cells and pericytes/mural cells. Endothelial, pericytic, and mural cells had normal-appearing arrangements in the vessels in pilocytic astrocytomas, whereas those in glioblastomas appeared to be more disorganized. In addition, differences in expression of angiogenesis-related genes were sought in the tumor specimens using RNA expression arrays. There were 114 out of 2,894 differentially expressed angiogenesis-related genes between these 2 glioma subtypes indicating differences in the utilization of various pathways. These results point to the need for detailed information on mechanisms of neoangiogenesis in tumor subtypes to facilitate the development of specific antiangiogenic strategies.Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology. 11/2013;
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ABSTRACT: Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including exosomes, act as biological effectors and carriers of oncogenic signatures in human cancer. The molecular composition and accessibility of EVs in biofluids open unprecedented diagnostic opportunities in malignancies where tumour tissue is difficult to sample, especially in primary and metastatic brain tumours. The ongoing genetic discovery of driver mutations defines the ever increasing number of distinct molecular subtypes of brain tumours (orphan diseases), a complexity that may soon be translated into alterations in functional proteins and their oncogenic networks. This may likely be extended to real time changes engendered by the disease progression, tumour heterogeneity, inter-individual variations and therapeutic responses. Realization of these opportunities is dependent on technological progress in such areas as: generation of mutation- and phospho-specific antibodies, antibody array platforms, nanotechnology, microfluidics, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), mass-spectrometry (MS) and multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) approaches of quantitative proteomics. Indeed, exploration of EVs as biomarkers and mediators of intercellular communication is associated with considerable challenges, which should not be underestimated. Still, vesiculation emerges as a unique process that could be harnessed for the benefit of more individualized patient care.Proteomics 03/2013; · 4.43 Impact Factor