Roles of the coding and noncoding regions of rift valley Fever virus RNA genome segments in viral RNA packaging.
ABSTRACT We characterized the RNA elements involved in the packaging of Rift Valley fever virus RNA genome segments, L, M, and S. The 5'-terminal 25 nucleotides of each RNA segment were equally competent for RNA packaging and carried an RNA packaging signal, which overlapped with the RNA replication signal. Only the deletion mutants of L RNA, but not full-length L RNA, were efficiently packaged, implying the possible requirement of RNA compaction for L RNA packaging.
Article: Rift Valley fever virus NSs mRNA is transcribed from an incoming anti-viral-sense S RNA segment.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Analysis of purified Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) particles demonstrated the presence of three negative-sense RNA genomes, plus three anti-viral-sense RNA segments. The virion-associated anti-viral-sense S segment served as a template for the synthesis of NSs mRNA immediately after infection. NSs protein synthesis also occurred early in infection, suggesting that NSs protein produced early in infection probably has biologically significant roles in virus replication and/or survival in the host. Translation inhibitor treatment of mammalian cells infected with viruses belonging to the Bunyaviridae family generally inhibits viral mRNA synthesis. However, RVFV NSs mRNA synthesis, but not N mRNA synthesis, was resistant to puromycin treatment during primary transcription, pointing to the uniqueness of RVFV NSs mRNA synthesis.Journal of Virology 10/2005; 79(18):12106-11. · 5.40 Impact Factor
Article: Rift valley fever virus nonstructural protein NSs promotes viral RNA replication and transcription in a minigenome system.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), which belongs to the genus Phlebovirus, family Bunyaviridae, has a tripartite negative-strand genome (S, M, and L segments) and is an important mosquito-borne pathogen for domestic animals and humans. We established an RVFV T7 RNA polymerase-driven minigenome system in which T7 RNA polymerase from an expression plasmid drove expression of RNA transcripts for viral proteins and minigenome RNA transcripts carrying a reporter gene between both termini of the M RNA segment in 293T cells. Like other viruses of the Bunyaviridae family, replication and transcription of the RVFV minigenome required expression of viral N and L proteins. Unexpectedly, the coexpression of an RVFV nonstructural protein, NSs, with N and L proteins resulted in a significant enhancement of minigenome RNA replication. Coexpression of NSs protein with N and L proteins also enhanced minigenome mRNA transcription in the cells expressing viral-sense minigenome RNA transcripts. NSs protein expression increased the RNA replication of minigenomes that originated from S and L RNA segments. Enhancement of minigenome RNA synthesis by NSs protein occurred in cells lacking alpha/beta interferon (IFN-alpha/beta) genes, indicating that the effect of NSs protein on minigenome RNA replication was unrelated to a putative NSs protein-induced inhibition of IFN-alpha/beta production. Our finding that RVFV NSs protein augmented minigenome RNA synthesis was in sharp contrast to reports that Bunyamwera virus (genus Bunyavirus) NSs protein inhibits viral minigenome RNA synthesis, suggesting that RVFV NSs protein and Bunyamwera virus NSs protein have distinctly different biological roles in viral RNA synthesis.Journal of Virology 06/2005; 79(9):5606-15. · 5.40 Impact Factor