Impact of Donor and Recipient Race on Survival After Hepatitis C-Related Liver Transplantation

Department of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.
Transplantation (Impact Factor: 3.83). 02/2012; 93(4):444-9. DOI: 10.1097/TP.0b013e3182406a94
Source: PubMed


Both donor and recipient race impact outcomes after liver transplantation (LT), especially for hepatitis C virus (HCV). The interaction and simultaneous impact of both on patient survival is not clearly defined. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of donor and recipient race on recipient and graft survival after HCV-related LT using the United Network for Organ Sharing database.
A total of 16,053 recipients (75.5% white, 9.3% black, and 15.2% Hispanic) who underwent primary LT for HCV between 1998 and 2008 were included. Cox regression models were used to assess the association between recipient/donor race and patient survival.
A significant interaction between donor and recipient race was noted (P=0.01). Black recipients with white donors had a higher risk of patient mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.66; 95% confidence interval, 1.47-1.87) compared with that of white recipients with white donors. In contrast, the pairing of Hispanic recipients with black donors was associated with a lower risk of recipient mortality compared with that of white recipients with white donors (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.46-0.87). Similar results were noted for graft failure.
In conclusion, the impact of donor and recipient race on patient survival varies substantially by the matching of recipient/donor race.

Download full-text


Available from: Michael R Lucey, Jan 16, 2014
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Black recipients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) for hepatitis C virus (HCV) have decreased patient and graft survival compared with white recipients, a finding that is primarily limited to black recipients of livers from white donors. The cause(s) for these discrepant outcomes are unclear but may be related to HCV disease recurrence. The rates of HCV-related disease recurrence and liver fibrosis progression among black and white liver transplant recipients have not been investigated. In this study, we compared liver fibrosis progression between 105 black and 364 white recipients after HCV-related LT in a multisite cohort study and assessed the impact of donor race. At 6, 12, and 24 months after LT, there was a significantly higher percentage in the black recipient/white donor (B/W) group with severe fibrosis, defined as stage 3 or 4 (F3/F4), compared with all other recipient/donor race combinations. The adjusted odds ratio of developing F3/F4 for the B/W group was 2.54 (1.49-4.69; reference group, white recipient/white donor). Black recipients with black donors demonstrated a similar rate of progression to F3/F4 as white recipients. Patient survival was also decreased in the B/W group compared with other recipient/donor race combinations. African American recipients with white donors have more severe fibrosis progression after HCV-related LT. The mechanisms responsible for accelerating fibrosis progression in this high-risk race-mismatched group need to be investigated.
    Transplantation 06/2012; 94(2):178-84. DOI:10.1097/TP.0b013e318253f7fa · 3.83 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Recipients of solitary liver and kidney transplants are living longer, and this increases their risk of long-term complications such as recurrent hepatitis C virus (HCV) and drug-induced nephrotoxicity. These complications may require retransplantation. Since the adoption of the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease, the number of simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation (SLK) procedures has increased. However, there are no standardized criteria for organ allocation to SLK candidates. The aims of this study were to retrospectively compare recipient and graft survival with liver transplantation alone (LTA), SLK, kidney after liver transplantation (KALT), and liver after kidney transplantation (LAKT) and to identify independent risk factors affecting recipient and graft survival. The United Network for Organ Sharing/Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network database (1988-2007) was queried for adult LTA (66,026), SLK (2327), KALT (1738), and LAKT procedures (242). After adjustments for potential confounding demographic and clinical variables, there was no difference in recipient mortality rates with LTA and SLK (P = 0.02). However, there was a 15% decreased risk of graft loss with SLK versus LTA (hazard ratio = 0.85, P < 0.001). The recipient and graft survival rates with SLK were higher than the rates with both KALT (P <0.001 and P <0.001) and LAKT (P = 0.003 and P < 0.001). The following were all identified as independent negative predictors of recipient mortality and graft loss: recipient age ≥ 65 years, male sex, black race, HCV/diabetes mellitus status, donor age ≥ 60 years, serum creatinine level ≥2.0 mg/dL, cold ischemia time > 12 hours, and warm ischemia time > 60 minutes. Although the recent increase in the number of SLK procedures performed each year has effectively decreased the number of potential donor kidneys available to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) awaiting kidney transplantation, SLK in patients with end-stage liver disease and ESRD is justified because of the lower risk of graft loss with SLK versus LTA as well as the superior recipient and graft survival with SLK versus serial liver-kidney transplantation.
    Liver Transplantation 08/2012; 18(8):914-29. DOI:10.1002/lt.23440 · 4.24 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background & aims: IL28B single nucleotide polymorphisms are strongly associated with spontaneous HCV clearance and treatment response in non-transplant populations. A DDX58 single nucleotide polymorphism is associated with the antiviral response of innate lymphocytes. We aimed at evaluating the associations of donor and recipient IL28B (rs12979860 and rs8099917) and DDX58 (rs10813831) genotypes with severity of HCV recurrence after liver transplantation. Methods: In a case-control study of 523 liver transplantation recipients with HCV, we matched severe with mild recurrent HCV based on 2-year clinical and histologic follow-up. A total of 440 liver transplantation recipients (severe, n=235; mild, n=205) with recipient DNA and 225 (severe, n=123; mild, n=102) with both recipient and donor DNA were analyzed. Results: IL28B [rs12979860, non-CC (vs. CC) and rs8099917, non-TT (vs. TT)] in the recipient-only analysis had higher risk of severe recurrent HCV [OR 1.57 and 1.58, p<0.05]. However, for the 225 with donor and recipient DNA, IL28B rs12979860 CC (vs. non-CC) and rs8099917 TT (vs. non-TT) and DDX58 rs10813831 non-GG (vs. GG) were associated with more (not less) severe recurrent HCV. The greatest risk of severe recurrent HCV was for rs12979860 CC donors in non-CC recipients (OR 7.02, p <0.001, vs. non-CC donor/recipient) and for rs8099917 TT donors in non-TT recipients (OR 5.78, p=0.001, vs. non-TT donor/recipient). These associations persisted after controlling for donor age, donor race, and donor risk index. Conclusions: IL28B and DDX58 single nucleotide polymorphisms that are favorable when present in the non-transplant setting or in the recipient are unfavorable when present in a donor liver graft.
    Journal of Hepatology 01/2013; 58(5). DOI:10.1016/j.jhep.2012.12.027 · 11.34 Impact Factor
Show more