Article

Immediate single implant restorations in mandibular molar extraction sockets: a controlled clinical trial.

Oral Implantology Research Group, Sir John Walsh Research Institute, School of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Clinical Oral Implants Research (Impact Factor: 3.43). 01/2012; DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02415.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: In the replacement of missing teeth, a paradigm shift is currently observed with immediate implant placement and/or restoration, particularly in the aesthetic zone. In molar sites, however, anatomical, occlusal and biomechanical considerations remain deterrent factors influencing the outcome of this treatment paradigm. The aim of this report was to evaluate immediate placement and immediate restoration of strongly tapered wide-diameter implant in fresh mandibular molar extraction sockets. METHODS: Twenty-four 8- or 9-mm diameter implants were placed in either a fresh molar extraction socket or a healed site. All the implants received provisional crowns within 48 h. The provisional crowns were replaced with full ceramic crowns after 8 weeks of implant placement. RESULTS: The overall implant success rate after 1 year of service for the 24 implants in two treatment groups was 75%. Success rates were 83.3% and 66.7% for the delayed and immediate placement groups respectively, with no significant difference observed between the two groups (P = 0.35). Implant stability measurements identified the immediately placed implants to be more stable immediately after surgery than delayed placed implants. In contrast, the delayed placed implants were more stable after 8 week healing time. CONCLUSIONS: The rehabilitation of single missing mandibular molars by immediately placed and restored wide-diameter implants was associated with a relatively high failure rate.

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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: It is of imperative clinical significance to define a safe threshold for planned immediate implant restoration. The aim of this report was to evaluate the prognostic accuracy of resonance frequency analysis (RFA) measurements recorded at two different times (implant placement and 8-week post-implant placement) and to determine the optimal threshold value for predicting failure risk of immediately restored/loaded implants. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-eight 8- or 9-mm-diameter implants were placed in either a fresh molar extraction socket or a healed site. An electronic RFA device was used to record the implant stability quotients (ISQs) at implant placement surgery, 8 weeks and 1 year. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to identify the optimal cut-off level. Sensitivity and specificity were also determined at the selected cut-off value. RESULTS: The area under the ROC curve for RFA at 8 weeks was 0.93 with a significant P-value (P = 0.001). The optimum cut-off value for detecting implant stability was 60.5 ISQ measured at 8 weeks, with sensitivity and specificity of 95.2% and 71.4%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The implant stability measurements after 8 weeks showed a better accuracy in predicting implants that were at risk of failure than those taken at the time of implant placement.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 10/2012; · 3.43 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The primary aim of this study was to compare the bone reaction around immediate-loaded non-splinted single implants vs. delayed loaded non-splinted single implants placed in healed ridges in the posterior mandible. Six adult Macaca Fascicularis monkeys were used in this study. The first and second premolars and the first molar were extracted in both sides of the mandible. After 3 months of healing, four implants (Replace Select Tapered; Nobel Biocare, Gothenburg, Sweden) with a moderately rough surface (TiUnite, Nobel Biocare) were placed in the edentulous areas of each monkey, two in each side. The implants had a length of 10 mm and a diameter of 3.5 mm. Four groups of varying time and occlusal loading aspects were created: (i) control group: implant placed non-loaded for 3 months; (ii) immediate loaded: implant placed and loaded immediately for 3 months; (iii) immediate loaded: implant placed and loaded immediately for 6 months; and (iv) delayed loaded: implant placed submerged for 3 months and then loaded for 3 months. At the loaded implants, after a second stage surgery, a composite crown was made directly on an abutment mounted on the implant reinsuring simultaneous occlusal contact on the implant crown and the neighboring teeth. After euthanization of the animals, histologic specimens were quantified in the light microscope. All implants were clinically, radiographically, and histologically osseointegrated at the time of euthanization and with only mild signs of inflammation in the peri-implant mucosa. The histologic marginal bone level was located on average 1.14-1.74 mm apical to the margin of the implants in the various groups. The average bone-to-implant contact (BIC) varied between 55% and 65% and the average bone density (i.e., the proportion of mineralized bone tissue from the implant surface and to a distance of 1 mm lateral to the implant) varied between 30.6% and 34.2%. No statistical significant differences between groups were observed in the above-stated histomorphometric parameters. Similar histologic and histomorphometric findings were observed in immediately and delayed loaded non-splinted implants placed in the posterior mandible of macaque monkeys.
    Clinical Oral Implants Research 10/2013; · 3.43 Impact Factor

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