Variable velocity range imaging of the choroid with dual-beam optical coherence angiography.
ABSTRACT In this study, we present dual-beam Doppler optical coherence angiography with variable beam separation. Altering beam distance, independently of the scanning protocol, provides a flexible way to select the velocity range of detectable blood flow. This system utilized a one-micrometer wavelength light source to visualize deep into the posterior eye, i.e., the choroid. Two-dimensional choroidal vasculature maps of a human subject acquired with different beam separations, and hence with several velocity ranges, are presented. Combining these maps yields a semi-quantitative visualization of axial velocity of the choroidal circulation. The proposed technique may be useful for identifying choroidal abnormalities that occur in pathological conditions of the eye.
SourceAvailable from: Rainer A Leitgeb[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the last 25 years, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has advanced to be one of the most innovative and most successful translational optical imaging techniques, achieving substantial economic impact as well as clinical acceptance. This is largely owing to the resolution improvements by a factor of 10 to the submicron regime and to the imaging speed increase by more than half a million times to more than 5 million A-scans per second, with the latter one accomplished by the state-of-the-art swept source laser technologies that are reviewed in this article. In addition, parallelization of OCT detection, such as line-field and full-field OCT, has shortened the acquisition time even further by establishing quasi-akinetic scanning. Besides the technical improvements, several functional and contrast-enhancing OCT applications have been investigated, among which the label-free angiography shows great potential for future studies. Finally, various multimodal imaging modalities with OCT incorporated are reviewed, in that these multimodal implementations can synergistically compensate for the fundamental limitations of OCT when it is used alone. (C) The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.Journal of Biomedical Optics 07/2014; 19(7):71412. DOI:10.1117/1.JBO.19.7.071412 · 2.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Noise statistics of phase-resolved optical coherence tomography (OCT) imaging are complicated and involve noises of OCT, correlation of signals, and speckles. In this paper, the statistical properties of phase shift between two OCT signals that contain additive random noises and speckle noises are presented. Experimental results obtained with a scattering tissue phantom are in good agreement with theoretical predictions. The performances of the dual-beam method and conventional single-beam method are compared. As expected, phase shift noise in the case of the dual-beam-scan method is less than that for the single-beam method when the transversal sampling step is large.Optics Express 02/2014; 22(4):4830-48. DOI:10.1364/OE.22.004830 · 3.53 Impact Factor
Article: Doppler Optical Coherence Tomography[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) has revolutionized ophthalmology. Since its introduction in the early 1990s it has continuously improved in terms of speed, resolution and sensitivity. The technique has also seen a variety of extensions aiming to assess functional aspects of the tissue in addition to morphology. One of these approaches is Doppler OCT (DOCT), which aims to visualize and quantify blood flow. Such extensions were already implemented in time domain systems, but have gained importance with the introduction of Fourier domain OCT. Nowadays phase-sensitive detection techniques are most widely used to extract blood velocity and blood flow from tissues. A common problem with the technique is that the Doppler angle is not known and several approaches have been realized to obtain absolute velocity and flow data from the retina. Additional studies are required to elucidate which of these techniques is most promising. In the recent years, however, several groups have shown that data can be obtained with high validity and reproducibility. In addition, several groups have published values for total retinal blood flow. Another promising application relates to non-invasive angiography. As compared to standard techniques such as fluorescein and indocyanine-green angiography the technique offers two major advantages: no dye is required and depth resolution is required is provided. As such Doppler OCT has the potential to improve our abilities to diagnose and monitor ocular vascular diseases.Progress in Retinal and Eye Research 07/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.preteyeres.2014.03.004 · 9.90 Impact Factor