Results from a pivotal, open-label, phase II study of romidepsin in relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma after prior systemic therapy.
ABSTRACT Romidepsin is a structurally unique, potent class 1 selective histone deacetylase inhibitor. The primary objective of this international, pivotal, single-arm, phase II trial was to confirm the efficacy of romidepsin in patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL).
Patients who were refractory to at least one prior systemic therapy or for whom at least one prior systemic therapy failed received romidepsin at 14 mg/m(2) as a 4-hour intravenous infusion on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days. The primary end point was the rate of complete response/unconfirmed complete response (CR/CRu) as assessed by an independent review committee.
Of the 131 patients enrolled, 130 had histologically confirmed PTCL by central review. The median number of prior systemic therapies was two (range, one to eight). The objective response rate was 25% (33 of 130), including 15% (19 of 130) with CR/CRu. Patient characteristics, prior stem-cell transplantation, number or type of prior therapies, or response to last prior therapy did not have an impact on response rate. The median duration of response was 17 months, with the longest response ongoing at 34+ months. Of the 19 patients who achieved CR/CRu, 17 (89%) had not experienced disease progression at a median follow-up of 13.4 months. The most common grade ≥ 3 adverse events were thrombocytopenia (24%), neutropenia (20%), and infections (all types, 19%).
Single-agent romidepsin induced complete and durable responses with manageable toxicity in patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL across all major PTCL subtypes, regardless of the number or type of prior therapies. Results led to US Food and Drug Administration approval of romidepsin in this indication.
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ABSTRACT: Histone deacetylase inhibitor romidepsin has demonstrated durable clinical responses and tolerability in patients with relapsed/refractory peripheral and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (PTCL, CTCL). Selection of novel drug therapies for patients with relapsed/refractory aggressive lymphoma requires not only considerations regarding efficacy but also careful evaluation of toxicities as well as overall clinical benefit. The purpose of this analysis was to examine common adverse events (AEs) reported in pivotal trials of romidepsin in relapsed/refractory PTCL or CTCL and to more clearly define the overall AE profile in these populations.Biomarker research. 01/2014; 2:16.
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ABSTRACT: Despite advances in the field, a clear treatment algorithm for most peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) subtypes remains to be defined. Generating reliable randomized data for this type of pathology remains a challenge because of the relative rarity of the disease and the heterogeneity of subtypes. Newer agents, such as the class-I selective histone deacetylase inhibitor romidepsin, have demonstrated efficacy and manageable toxicity in the relapsed and refractory setting. Whether novel agents should be used in conjunction with more conventional cytotoxic therapies or in sequence with a transplant strategy is unknown at this time. Here we report the successful use of romidepsin monotherapy as a bridge to allogeneic stem cell transplantation in a patient who had previously relapsed after several lines of conventional cytotoxic therapy for PTCL. Romidepsin provided the patient with sufficient disease control to proceed to transplantation while remaining in complete remission.Case reports in hematology. 01/2014; 2014:404078.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) and natural killer (NK) or T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are a rare and heterogeneous class of diseases with generally poor prognosis. This work intends to provide a focused primer on clinical diagnosis, current treatment regimens, and novel therapeutic approaches. The recent WHO classification has defined 18 different subtypes of PTCL and NK T-cell lymphomas. Diagnosis is mainly based on histology, flow-cytometric analysis of surface molecules in the blood and bone marrow, cytogenetics/fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and T-cell receptor (TCR) rearrangement. Staging as well as follow-up diagnostic procedures rely on imaging techniques such as computerized tomography (CT) and positron emission tomography (PET). Current chemotherapeutic regimens such as CHOP result in a 60 – 70% response rate; however, 5-year survival is only around 30%. Therefore, new treatment strategies are urgently needed. Currently, different drug classes are under scrutiny. Areas covered: The authors discuss substances that directly target the tumor cells. The article includes such substances as antimetabolites, antibodies, histone deacetylase inhibitors, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and immunomodulatory substances such as lenalidomide. Expert opinion: In the future a close collaboration of geneticists, biochemists, and clinicians together with new technologies such as deep sequencing will allow the refinement of treatment strategies in many diseases including PTCLs and NHLs. This refinement will allow treatments to be prepared according to the need of the individual patient.Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery 11/2012; 7(12). · 2.30 Impact Factor