Results from a pivotal, open-label, phase II study of romidepsin in relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma after prior systemic therapy.
ABSTRACT Romidepsin is a structurally unique, potent class 1 selective histone deacetylase inhibitor. The primary objective of this international, pivotal, single-arm, phase II trial was to confirm the efficacy of romidepsin in patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL).
Patients who were refractory to at least one prior systemic therapy or for whom at least one prior systemic therapy failed received romidepsin at 14 mg/m(2) as a 4-hour intravenous infusion on days 1, 8, and 15 every 28 days. The primary end point was the rate of complete response/unconfirmed complete response (CR/CRu) as assessed by an independent review committee.
Of the 131 patients enrolled, 130 had histologically confirmed PTCL by central review. The median number of prior systemic therapies was two (range, one to eight). The objective response rate was 25% (33 of 130), including 15% (19 of 130) with CR/CRu. Patient characteristics, prior stem-cell transplantation, number or type of prior therapies, or response to last prior therapy did not have an impact on response rate. The median duration of response was 17 months, with the longest response ongoing at 34+ months. Of the 19 patients who achieved CR/CRu, 17 (89%) had not experienced disease progression at a median follow-up of 13.4 months. The most common grade ≥ 3 adverse events were thrombocytopenia (24%), neutropenia (20%), and infections (all types, 19%).
Single-agent romidepsin induced complete and durable responses with manageable toxicity in patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL across all major PTCL subtypes, regardless of the number or type of prior therapies. Results led to US Food and Drug Administration approval of romidepsin in this indication.
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ABSTRACT: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare T cell lymphoma seen in both adults and children. ALCL is associated with a characteristic chromosomal translocation, t(2;5)(p23;35) which fuses the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene on chromosome 2 with the nucleophosmin (NPM) gene on chromosome 5, resulting in a NPM-ALK fusion protein, ALK over-expression and constitutive tyrosine kinase activity. This aggressive lymphoma is more prevalent in males and can present with extranodal involvement (lung, skin and marrow infiltration) and haemophagocytic lymphohistocytosis. The long-term overall survival is approximately 70-90% in children and over 70% in adults. Staging systems and prognostic risk factors are different in both childhood and adult ALCL. Treatment in adults is typically anthracycline-based, with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) salvaging patients in relapsed disease. There is evidence for ALL-like therapy or intensive, pulsed anthracycline-based induction in children. ASCT, allogeneic SCT and vinblastine maintenance are all considered reasonable options in relapsed childhood disease. The anti-CD30 immunoconjugate Brentuximab Vedotin and the specific ALK inhibitor Crizotinib are changing the treatment paradigm in ALCL (ALK-positive or negative) and ALK-positive ALCL respectively. Both agents have shown encouraging responses in relapsed ALCL. It remains to be seen how these novel agents are used, but it is very possible that they may improve overall responses and survival in both children and adults. This review highlights the presentation, histopathological features, prognostic factors, and evidence-based treatment approaches in the first line and relapsed setting in ALK-positive ALCL. The review concludes by discussing the novel approaches using Brentuximab and Crizotinib which are being tested in clinical trials.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.European Journal Of Haematology 04/2014; · 2.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are a group of rare malignancies originating from clonal proliferation of mature, post-thymic T cells that represent 10 - 15% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with poor prognosis and median survival of 1 - 3 years. The standard treatment for PTCL has not yet been identified. Many patients with PTCL are refractory to first-line therapy. The complete response rate ranges from 36 to 66% according to different PTCL subtypes. Furthermore, those who reached a complete or partial response often have a shorter progression-free survival. Areas covered: This paper discusses the potential of pralatrexate , a methotrexate analogue, as a treatment of PTCL. The authors report on the efficacy and safety data of controlled studies and describe the end points of ongoing trials. Pralatrexate was the first drug to obtain FDA approval for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL. However, the European Medicines Agency has refused marketing authorization. Expert opinion: None of the treatments commonly used today have given satisfactory results. Pralatrexate seems to be one of the most promising agents in the treatment of patients with PTCL. Future efforts should be focused on better understanding the molecular pathogenesis of PTCL and on specific trials for different PTCL subtypes using rational drug combinations that include pralatrexate.Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs 03/2014; · 4.74 Impact Factor
- Blood 05/2014; 123(20):3059-60. · 9.06 Impact Factor