State of the art: new developments in cardiac imaging

Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Son Espases, Palma de Mallorca, Baleares, España.
Revista Espa de Cardiologia (Impact Factor: 3.79). 01/2012; 65 Suppl 1:24-34.
Source: PubMed


Cardiac imaging continues to reveal new anatomical and functional insights into heart disease. In echocardiography, both transesophageal and transthoracic three-dimensional imaging have been fully developed and optimized, and the value of the techniques that have increased our understanding of cardiac mechanics and ventricular function is well established. At the same time, the healthcare industry has released new devices onto the market which, although they are easier to use, have limitations that restrict their use for routine assessment. Tomography's diagnostic and prognostic value in coronary artery disease continues to increase while radiation exposure becomes progressively lower. With cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, myocardial injury and recovery in ischemic heart disease and following acute coronary syndrome can be monitored in exquisite detail. The emergence of new combined tomographic and gamma camera techniques, exclusively developed for nuclear cardiology, have improved the quality of investigations and reduced radiation exposure. The hybrid or fusion images produced by combining different techniques, such as nuclear cardiology techniques and tomography, promise an exciting future.

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    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 03/2013; 66(3):231-240. DOI:10.1016/j.rec.2015.01.002 · 3.79 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cross-sectional imaging of the heart utilizing computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been shown to be superior for the evaluation of cardiac morphology and systolic function in humans compared to echocardiography. The purpose of this prospective study was to test the effects of two different anesthetic protocols on cardiac measurements in 10 healthy beagle dogs using 64-multidetector row computed tomographic angiography (64-MDCTA), 3T magnetic resonance (MRI) and standard awake echocardiography. Both anesthetic protocols used propofol for induction and isoflourane for anesthetic maintenance. In addition, protocol A used midazolam/fentanyl and protocol B used dexmedetomedine as premedication and constant rate infusion during the procedure. Significant elevations in systolic and mean blood pressure were present when using protocol B. There was overall good agreement between the variables of cardiac size and systolic function generated from the MDCTA and MRI exams and no significant difference was found when comparing the variables acquired using either anesthetic protocol within each modality. Systolic function variables generated using 64-MDCTA and 3T MRI were only able to predict the left ventricular end diastolic volume as measured during awake echocardiogram when using protocol B and 64-MDCTA. For all other systolic function variables, prediction of awake echocardiographic results was not possible (P = 1). Planar variables acquired using MDCTA or MRI did not allow prediction of the corresponding measurements generated using echocardiography in the awake patients (P = 1). Future studies are needed to validate this approach in a more varied population and clinically affected dogs. © 2015 American College of Veterinary Radiology.
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