Article

Positive Affect and Self-affirmation Are Beneficial, but Do They Facilitate Maintenance of Health-Behavior Change? A Self-determination Theory Perspective

University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14607, USA.
Archives of internal medicine (Impact Factor: 13.25). 02/2012; 172(4):327-8. DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2011.1830
Source: PubMed
2 Followers
 · 
122 Views
  • Source
    • "First, competence refers to students' perceptions of their capability of doing well in class (Fortier et al., 1995) and has been defined as being good at specified behaviors and believing that one can accomplish tasks (Van den Broek, Vansteenkiste, De Witte, Soenens, & Lens, 2010). As it pertains to this aspect of self-determination theory, Williams and Niemiec (2012) suggested that positive affect may increase individuals' perceptions of their own capability by enhancing people's " resolve to overcome difficult experiences and/or their desire to sustain change " (p. 328). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Instructors' use of humor is generally a positive influence on student outcomes. However, examinations of humor have found that specific types of messages may not impact, or may even reverse, its positive effect. Instructional humor processing theory (IHPT) has been used to explain how humor impacts student learning. The current study sought to examine the tenets of this theory by testing whether the relationships articulated by its authors function the way the theory predicts they should. Three hundred participants responded to measures assessing their perceptions of affective learning, attention, self-determination, cognitive engagement, perceived cognitive learning, and instructors' humor. Results indicated that IHPT did not adequately explain the relationship between instructor humor and perceived cognitive learning. However, self-determination theory was a suitable alternative explanation.
    Communication Education 01/2015; 64(1). DOI:10.1080/03634523.2014.978793
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This paper describes the application of a translational research model in developing The Trial Using Motivational Interviewing and Positive Affect and Self-Affirmation in African-Americans with Hypertension (TRIUMPH), a theoretically-based, randomized controlled trial. TRIUMPH targets blood pressure control among African-Americans with hypertension in a community health center and public hospital setting. TRIUMPH applies positive affect, self-affirmation, and motivational interviewing as strategies to increase medication adherence and blood pressure control. A total of 220 participants were recruited in TRIUMPH and are currently being followed. This paper provides a detailed description of the theoretical framework and study design of TRIUMPH and concludes with a critical reflection of the lessons learned in the process of implementing a health behavior intervention in a community-based setting. TRIUMPH provides a model for incorporating the translational science research paradigm to conducting pragmatic behavioral trials in a real-world setting in a vulnerable population. Lessons learned through interactions with our community partners reinforce the value of community engagement in research.
    Contemporary clinical trials 02/2013; 35(1). DOI:10.1016/j.cct.2013.02.002 · 1.99 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: =0.004). Importantly, exercise acted as a mediator in the relationship between positive affect and mortality.Conclusions-Patients with higher levels of positive affect were more likely to exercise and had a lower risk of dying during 5-year follow-up, with exercise mediating the relationship between positive affect and mortality. Interventions aimed at increasing both positive affect and exercise may have better results with respect to patients' prognosis and psychological well-being than interventions focusing on 1 of these factors alone.
    Circulation Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 09/2013; 6(5). DOI:10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES.113.000158 · 5.04 Impact Factor
Show more