Stereotactic body radiotherapy for the treatment of presacral recurrences from rectal cancers
ABSTRACT Management of recurrent presacral rectal cancer is often not amenable to curative surgery. The goal of this study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cyberknife stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in the management of presacral recurrences.
Between April 2003 and October 2008, 14 patients with presacral tumors from rectal adenocarcinoma were SBRT treated. Eleven patients were treated with 36 Gy in 3 fractions and 3 patients were treated with single fraction of 12, 16 or 18 Gy. Tumor response was assessed using response evaluation and criteria in solid tumor (RECIST) criteria. Toxicities were assessed with common terminology criteria adverse events v 3.0. Pain control was assessed.
One patient (6.7%) received SBRT as boost therapy. All patients had prior radiotherapy [median 50.4 Gy (20 - 81 Gy)]. Median tumor volume was 52.5 cc (19 - 110 cc). At initial follow-up of a median 4.9 months (1 - 16.3 months), treatment responses were complete response (n=3) and stable disease (n=8). With a median follow-up of 16.5 months (6 - 69 months), the one- and two-year LC rates were 90.9 and 68.2%, respectively, and the one- and two-year OS rates were 90 and 78.8%, respectively. No factors were significantly predictive of LC and OS. There were no grade 3 or 4 toxicities. Fifty percent (n=7) of our patients experienced pain with recurrence before treatment and 4 (57.1%) of them reported no pain after completion of their SBRT.
Stereotactic body radiotherapy for presacral recurrence of rectal adenocarcinoma is an efficacious and well-tolerated treatment modality which allows for palliation of pain.
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ABSTRACT: Extracranial stereotactic radiotherapy is booming. The development and spread of dedicated accelerators coupled with efficient methods of repositioning can now allow treatments of mobile lesions with moderate size, with high doses per fraction. Intuitively, except for the prostate, pelvic tumours, often requiring irradiation of regional lymph node drainage, lend little to this type of treatment. However, in some difficult circumstances, such as boost or re-radiation, stereotactic irradiation condition is promising and clinical experiences have already been reported.Cancer/Radiothérapie 04/2014; · 1.11 Impact Factor
DMW - Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift 05/2014; 139(20):1059-63. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1370022 · 0.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Background: Many patients with rectal cancer receive radiotherapy as a component of primary multimodality treatment. Although local recurrence is infrequent, reirradiation may be needed to improve resectability and outcomes. This systematic review investigated the effects of reirradiation in terms of feasibility, toxicity, and long-term outcomes. Methods: A Medline, Embase and Cochrane search resulted in 353 titles/abstracts. Ten publications describing seven prospective or retrospective studies were included, presenting results of 375 patients reirradiated for rectal cancer. Results: Median initial radiation dose was 50.4 Gy, median 8–30 months before reirradiation. Reirradiation was mostly administered using hyperfractionated (1.2–1.5 Gy twice-daily) or 1.8 Gy once-daily chemoradiotherapy. Median total dose was 30–40 Gy to the gross tumour volume with 2–4 cm margins. Median survival was 39–60 months in resected patients and 12–16 months in palliative patients. Good symptomatic relief was reported in 82–100%. Acute toxicity with diarrhoea was reported in 9–20%, late toxicity was insufficiently reported. Conclusions: Reirradiation of rectal cancer to limited volumes is feasible. When curative resection is possible, the goal is radical resection and long-term survival, and hyperfractionated chemoradiotherapy should be preferred to limit late toxicity. Reirradiation yielded good symptomatic relief in palliative treatment.Radiotherapy and Oncology 11/2014; 113(2). DOI:10.1016/j.radonc.2014.11.021 · 4.86 Impact Factor