Dealing with problematic eating behaviour. The effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on eating behaviour, food cravings, dichotomous thinking and body image concern

Maastricht University, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Clinical and Psychological Science, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands.
Appetite (Impact Factor: 2.52). 01/2012; 58(3):847-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2012.01.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study explored the efficacy of a mindfulness-based intervention for problematic eating behavior. A non-clinical sample of 26 women with disordered eating behavior was randomly assigned to an 8-week MBCT-based eating intervention or a waiting list control group. Data were collected at baseline and after 8 weeks. Compared to controls, participants in the mindfulness intervention showed significantly greater decreases in food cravings, dichotomous thinking, body image concern, emotional eating and external eating. These findings suggest that mindfulness practice can be an effective way to reduce factors that are associated with problematic eating behaviour.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The current study investigated whether mindfulness and psychological flexibility, independently and together, explain intuitive eating. The participants were overweight or obese persons (N = 306) reporting symptoms of perceived stress and enrolled in a psychological lifestyle intervention study. Participants completed self-report measures of psychological flexibility; mindfulness including the subscales observe, describe, act with awareness, non-react, and non-judgment; and intuitive eating including the subscales unconditional permission to eat, eating for physical reasons, and reliance on hunger/satiety cues. Psychological flexibility and mindfulness were positively associated with intuitive eating factors. The results suggest that mindfulness and psychological flexibility are related constructs that not only account for some of the same variance in intuitive eating, but they also account for significant unique variances in intuitive eating. The present results indicate that non-judgment can explain the relationship between general psychological flexibility and unconditional permission to eat as well as eating for physical reasons. However, mindfulness skills-acting with awareness, observing, and non-reacting-explained reliance on hunger/satiety cues independently from general psychological flexibility. These findings suggest that mindfulness and psychological flexibility are interrelated but not redundant constructs and that both may be important for understanding regulation processes underlying eating behavior. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Behavior modification 03/2015; DOI:10.1177/0145445515576402 · 2.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Psychological Inquiry 03/2015; 26(1):48-53. · 6.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We argue that craving is an affective state per the definition offered in the target article, and as such the extended process model provides a strong theoretical framework to understand the self-regulation of craving. First, we briefly define craving in general and food craving in particular and relate those constructs to the definitions of affect and emotion in the target article. We then apply the extended process model to cognitive strategies for self-regulation of food craving and related clinical interventions. In doing so, we illustrate how the extended process model of emotion regulation is a useful tool for bridging related topics within affective science (e.g., craving and emotion) and for analyzing and improving programs that target affective states (e.g., dietary interventions).
    Psychological Inquiry 03/2015; 26(1):48-53. DOI:10.1080/1047840X.2015.955072 · 4.73 Impact Factor


Available from
Jan 31, 2015