Dealing with problematic eating behavior: The effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on eating behaviour, food cravings, dichotomous thinking and body image concern

Maastricht University, Faculty of Psychology and Neuroscience, Clinical and Psychological Science, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands.
Appetite (Impact Factor: 2.69). 01/2012; 58(3):847-51. DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2012.01.009
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This study explored the efficacy of a mindfulness-based intervention for problematic eating behavior. A non-clinical sample of 26 women with disordered eating behavior was randomly assigned to an 8-week MBCT-based eating intervention or a waiting list control group. Data were collected at baseline and after 8 weeks. Compared to controls, participants in the mindfulness intervention showed significantly greater decreases in food cravings, dichotomous thinking, body image concern, emotional eating and external eating. These findings suggest that mindfulness practice can be an effective way to reduce factors that are associated with problematic eating behaviour.

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Available from: Roy Thewissen, Jan 31, 2015
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    • "So far, the findings are promising and suggest an inverse relationship between mindfulness and disordered eating behavior. Practicing mindfulness has been found to reduce body mass in overweight adults (Tapper et al., 2009) and food cravings (Alberts, Mulkens, Smeets, & Thewissen, 2010; Alberts et al., 2012; Forman et al., 2007), dichotomous thinking , body image concern, emotional eating, external eating (Alberts et al., 2012), and binge eating (Kristeller & Hallett, 1999). Moreover, higher levels of mindfulness seem to be negatively associated with disordered eating-related cognitions (Masuda & Wendell, 2010), and mindfulness has been found to partially mediate the link between disordered eating-related cognitions and psychological distress (Masuda, Price, Anderson, & Wendell, 2010; Masuda & Wendell, 2010) as well as moderating the association between disordered eating cognitions and disordered eating behaviors (Masuda, Price, & Latzman, 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: The current study investigated whether mindfulness and psychological flexibility, independently and together, explain intuitive eating. The participants were overweight or obese persons (N = 306) reporting symptoms of perceived stress and enrolled in a psychological lifestyle intervention study. Participants completed self-report measures of psychological flexibility; mindfulness including the subscales observe, describe, act with awareness, non-react, and non-judgment; and intuitive eating including the subscales unconditional permission to eat, eating for physical reasons, and reliance on hunger/satiety cues. Psychological flexibility and mindfulness were positively associated with intuitive eating factors. The results suggest that mindfulness and psychological flexibility are related constructs that not only account for some of the same variance in intuitive eating, but they also account for significant unique variances in intuitive eating. The present results indicate that non-judgment can explain the relationship between general psychological flexibility and unconditional permission to eat as well as eating for physical reasons. However, mindfulness skills-acting with awareness, observing, and non-reacting-explained reliance on hunger/satiety cues independently from general psychological flexibility. These findings suggest that mindfulness and psychological flexibility are interrelated but not redundant constructs and that both may be important for understanding regulation processes underlying eating behavior. © The Author(s) 2015.
    Behavior modification 03/2015; 39(4). DOI:10.1177/0145445515576402 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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    • "In relating RFT to different eating styles we were able to document significant relations of basic self-regulatory orientations with essential daily behavior associated with health and wellbeing (Alberts et al., 2012; Baños et al., 2014; Snoek et al., 2007; van Strien et al., 1986; Wilson, 1986). Specifically, the present work examined the relation between different eating styles, in particular emotional, external eating, and restrained eating and prevention-focused and promotionfocused self-regulation. "
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    ABSTRACT: By applying regulatory focus theory (RFT) to the context of eating behavior, the present research examines the relations between individual differences in the two motivational orientations as conceptualized in RFT, that is, prevention-focused and promotion-focused self-regulation and emotional, external, and restrained eating. Building on a representative study conducted in the Netherlands (N = 4,230), it is documented that individual differences in prevention focus are positively related to emotional eating whereas negligible associations are found in regards to external and restrained eating. Individual differences in promotion focus are positively related to external eating whereas negligible associations are found in regards to emotional and restrained eating. In relating RFT to different eating styles we were able to document significant relations of basic self-regulatory orientations with regard to essential daily behavior associated with health and well-being. The implications for changing eating styles are discussed.
    Frontiers in Psychology 10/2014; 5. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01314 · 2.80 Impact Factor
    • "More recently, researchers have turned to the possibility of mindfulness-based interventions combating the obesity epidemic, by aiding people who want to lose weight (e.g., Dalen et al. 2010; Daubenmier et al. 2011; see also Ludwig and Kabat-Zinn 2008). There are many studies that have reported body weight as an outcome variable (Alberts et al. 2012; Kearney et al. 2012; Kristeller et al. 2013), but, to our knowledge, only four studies specifically aimed for participants to lose weight (see Dalen et al. 2010; Mantzios and Giannou 2014; Miller et al. 2012; Timmerman and Brown 2012) and results suggest that there is some promise to mindfulness-based interventions. But why should mindfulness be of any help to people who want to lose weight? "
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    ABSTRACT: This research explored whether developing mindfulness and self-compassion through meditation supports weight loss. The research addressed if (a) mindfulness meditation and (b) mindfulness with self-compassion Meditation (through loving kindness meditation and psycho-educational material to develop self-compassion) aid weight loss and maintenance. Sixty-three soldiers followed independent diet plans and were randomly assigned to a control group, or, one of the two meditation interventions for 5 weeks. Participants lost weight in both experimental groups, while the control group gained weight during the initial 5 weeks. Six months of subsequent, self-motivated and unguided meditative practice, revealed that only the mindfulness with self-compassion meditation group continued losing weight, while the mindfulness meditation group showed no significant weight differences. At a 1-year follow-up, both experimental groups regained some weight, while the control group paradoxically lost weight. Overall, however, the mindfulness with self-compassion meditation group lost significantly more weight than either of the two remaining groups (which did not significantly differ). The findings suggest that developing both mindfulness and self-compassion appears more promising for weight loss than developing mindfulness alone or simply dieting; nevertheless, weight maintenance requires more attention in future research.
    Mindfulness 07/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12671-014-0325-z · 3.69 Impact Factor
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