Correction of both NBD1 energetics and domain interface is required to restore ΔF508 CFTR folding and function.
ABSTRACT The folding and misfolding mechanism of multidomain proteins remains poorly understood. Although thermodynamic instability of the first nucleotide-binding domain (NBD1) of ΔF508 CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) partly accounts for the mutant channel degradation in the endoplasmic reticulum and is considered as a drug target in cystic fibrosis, the link between NBD1 and CFTR misfolding remains unclear. Here, we show that ΔF508 destabilizes NBD1 both thermodynamically and kinetically, but correction of either defect alone is insufficient to restore ΔF508 CFTR biogenesis. Instead, both ΔF508-NBD1 energetic and the NBD1-MSD2 (membrane-spanning domain 2) interface stabilization are required for wild-type-like folding, processing, and transport function, suggesting a synergistic role of NBD1 energetics and topology in CFTR-coupled domain assembly. Identification of distinct structural deficiencies may explain the limited success of ΔF508 CFTR corrector molecules and suggests structure-based combination corrector therapies. These results may serve as a framework for understanding the mechanism of interface mutation in multidomain membrane proteins.
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ABSTRACT: One of the pathogenetic mechanisms responsible for sickling of erythrocytes in patients with sickle cell disease is the decreased hydration status of the cells. In this brief review, we discuss the pathophysiologic background and explore some new treatment options to prevent vaso-occlusive crises or other problems in this patient population.Pediatric Pathology and Molecular Medicine 20(1):15-25.
Article: The DeltaF508 cystic fibrosis mutation impairs domain-domain interactions and arrests post-translational folding of CFTR.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Misfolding accounts for the endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation of mutant cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulators (CFTRs), including deletion of Phe508 (DeltaF508) in the nucleotide-binding domain 1 (NBD1). To study the role of Phe508, the de novo folding and stability of NBD1, NBD2 and CFTR were compared in conjunction with mutagenesis of Phe508. DeltaF508 and amino acid replacements that prevented CFTR folding disrupted the NBD2 fold and its native interaction with NBD1. DeltaF508 caused limited alteration in NBD1 conformation. Whereas nonpolar and some aliphatic residues were permissive, charged residues and glycine compromised the post-translational folding and stability of NBD2 and CFTR. The results suggest that hydrophobic side chain interactions of Phe508 are required for vectorial folding of NBD2 and the domain-domain assembly of CFTR, representing a combined co- and post-translational folding mechanism that may be used by other multidomain membrane proteins.Nature Structural & Molecular Biology 02/2005; 12(1):17-25. · 12.71 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), an integral membrane protein, cause cystic fibrosis (CF). The most common CF-causing mutant, deletion of Phe508, fails to properly fold. To elucidate the role Phe508 plays in the folding of CFTR, missense mutations at this position were generated. Only one missense mutation had a pronounced effect on the stability and folding of the isolated domain in vitro. In contrast, many substitutions, including those of charged and bulky residues, disrupted folding of full-length CFTR in cells. Structures of two mutant nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) reveal only local alterations of the surface near position 508. These results suggest that the peptide backbone plays a role in the proper folding of the domain, whereas the side chain plays a role in defining a surface of NBD1 that potentially interacts with other domains during the maturation of intact CFTR.Nature Structural & Molecular Biology 02/2005; 12(1):10-6. · 12.71 Impact Factor