Vigabatrin for Childhood Partial-Onset Epilepsies

Division of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio 45229, USA.
Pediatric Neurology (Impact Factor: 1.5). 02/2012; 46(2):83-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2011.11.020
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To determine vigabatrin's effectiveness and the prevalence of symptomatic visual impairment (i.e., impairment affecting the ability to perform everyday activities) associated with its therapy in pediatric epilepsy, we retrospectively reviewed medical records of 156 patients receiving vigabatrin at Cincinnati Children's Medical Center from 1998-2010. In addition to demographics and vigabatrin dosing information, data included seizure type/frequency at presentation and subsequent follow-up. Of 156 patients, we excluded 35 because their medical records were insufficient to permit verification of the exact duration or timing of vigabatrin treatment. To evaluate efficacy (n = 121/135), we used a 5-point scale (0-4) to compare seizure frequency at several time points. To evaluate visual impairment (n = 63), we reviewed serial ophthalmologic evaluations at baseline and during treatment for patients in whom they were clinically indicated. Mean age at treatment initiation was 1.8 years (range, 0.1-29.2 years). Treatment duration ranged from 0.7-101.0 months, with an estimated average daily dose of 79 mg/kg/day. Tuberous sclerosis complex was the commonest seizure etiology (83%). Partial-onset seizure, alone or with infantile spasms, was the commonest seizure type (84%). Seizure frequency decreased from 3.7 ± 0.6 S.D. at baseline to 1.8 ± 1.7 S.D. at 6 months (P < 0.001). Responses to vigabatrin did not differ by tuberous sclerosis complex or nontuberous sclerosis complex etiology, and were sustained for 5 years. Sixty-three patients (∼50% of all patients evaluated) underwent clinically indicated ophthalmologic assessments during the review period. In our clinical judgment, no cases of clinically relevant vigabatrin-associated visual impairment occurred. Vigabatrin was effective for refractory childhood partial-onset epilepsy, and was not associated with symptomatic vision loss.

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Available from: Darcy A Krueger, Jan 22, 2015
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