Reactive oxygen species-mediated p38 MAPK regulates carbon nanotube-induced fibrogenic and angiogenic responses

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hampton University , Hampton, VA , USA.
Nanotoxicology (Impact Factor: 7.34). 01/2012; 7(2). DOI: 10.3109/17435390.2011.647929
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Abstract Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) are fibrous nanoparticles that are being used widely for various applications including drug delivery. SWCNTs are currently under special attention for possible cytotoxicity. Recent reports suggest that exposure to nanoparticles leads to pulmonary fibrosis. We report that SWCNT-mediated interplay of fibrogenic and angiogenic regulators leads to increased angiogenesis, which is a novel finding that furthers the understanding of SWCNT-induced cytotoxicity. SWCNTs induce fibrogenesis through reactive oxygen species-regulated phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). Activation of p38 MAPK by SWCNTs led to the induction of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 as well as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Both TGF-β1 and VEGF contributed significantly to the fibroproliferative and collagen-inducing effects of SWCNTs. Interestingly, a positive feedback loop was observed between TGF-β1 and VEGF. This interplay of fibrogenic and angiogenic mediators led to increased angiogenesis in response to SWCNTs. Overall this study reveals key signalling molecules involved in SWCNT-induced fibrogenesis and angiogenesis.

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Anand Iyer