[Anti-angiogenic activities of Lj-RGD3 toxin protein from Lampetra japonica and its mutation protein Lj-112 without RGD motifs].
ABSTRACT Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-toxin protein Lj-RGD3 of Lampetra japonica shares homologous with a Histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), and both RGD-toxin protein and HRG have antiangiogenic activities with different targets. To study the relationship between the function and the structure of Lj-RGD3, we studied the anti-angiogenic characteristics of both Lj-RGD3 and the mutation named Lj-112 of which three RGD motifs of Lj-RGD3 were deleted. We synthesized the gene of Lj-112, constructed it to the plasmid pET23b, and expressed the recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli BL21. Both recombinant proteins with the C-terminal his-tag were 15 kDa soluble proteins. Then we purified rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 using the His-Bind affinity chromatography. To examine the effect of both proteins on bFGF-induced proliferation of ECV304 cell, we carried out the 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-yl)-3,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) assays. For cell migration and invasion assays, we used Transwell containing insert filter and Matrigel to imitate the in vivo environment. To examine whether both proteins were capable of interrupting the angiogenesis in vivo, we used the chick chicken embryonic chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) as an angiogenesis model. We used Integrin-linked kinase1 (ILK1) ELISA method to study functionary mechanisms of rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112. Both rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 inhibited bFGF-induced proliferation of ECV304 cells in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 at 0.889 micromol/L and 0.160 micromol/L, respectively. The results of migration and invasion assays revealed that both rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 showed significant inhibition on bFGF induced migration and invasion of ECV304; and rLj-112 was more active than rLj-RGD3. The result of CAM angiogenesis assay demonstrated that both proteins inhibited the angiogenesis in chick CAM, and rLj-112 was more active than rLj-RGD3. ELISA assay of ILK1 showed that both rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 down-regulated ILK1 expression of ECV304 cell. The fact of rLj-112 was more active than rLj-RGD3 on anti-angiogenesis indicate that rLj-112 was likely with histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), and the factor of sequence homologous between rLj-RGD3 and HRG cannot enhance antiangiogenic activities of rLj-RGD3, the signal pathway of anti-angiogenesis of rLj-RGD3 and rLj-112 are differently.