It has recently been demonstrated that phospholipase C gamma-1 (PLCγ1) activation may contribute to breast carcinoma cell motility and their metastasis. Employing MCF-7 breast cancer cells, we showed the effect of trichostatin A (TSA) on the cellular contents of the PLCγ1 molecule. Using reverse transcription, real-time quantitative PCR and western blot analysis, we demonstrated that TSA reduced the PLCγ1 transcript and protein levels in MCF-7 cells. We also found that TSA decreased the half-life of the PLCγ1 transcript from approximately 7hours to 5hours. Moreover, we observed that protein synthesis appears to be essential in the TSA reduction of PLCγ1 mRNA stability. Since PLCγ1 activation is considered a key factor in the initiation of events that increase malignant cell motility, our observations may support the validity of TSA in anticancer studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 15-Lipoxygenase-1 (15-Lox-1) is a key enzyme mediating oxidative metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids and has attracted considerable interest as a potential target for the induction of apoptosis in cancer cells. Knowledge of relationship between 15-Lox-1 and histone deacetylase inhibitors is lacking in the breast cancer. This study is aimed to investigate the role of Trichostatin A (TSA) and 13(S)-HODE, as a metabolite of 15-Lox-1, in the regulation of breast cancer cell growth. The cytotoxic effect of TSA, as a potent HDAC inhibitor, was measured using MTT assay. Annexin V-FITC and PI staining were performed to detect apoptosis and cell cycle distribution using Flow cytometry. The role of 15-Lox-1 in the regulation of cell growth was assessed by 15-Lox-1 inhibitor and the level of 15-Lox-1 metabolite was measured to determine 15-Lox activity after treatment by TSA. The results demonstrated that TSA induced cell growth inhibition via 15-Lox-1, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and subsequently accompanied by the cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis. Moreover, growth inhibitory effect of TSA was associated with the elevation of 15-Lox-1 metabolite (13(S)-HODE). This study provided evidences that the inhibitory effect of TSA on the breast cancer cell growth occurs via the induction of 15-Lox-1 activity and 13(S)-HODE production. Our findings underline the possible role of 15-Lox-1/13(S)-HODE pathway as a promising molecular approach for the induction of apoptosis in breast cancer cells.
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