Dcp2 decapping protein modulates mRNA stability of the critical interferon regulatory factor (IRF) IRF-7.
ABSTRACT The mammalian Dcp2 mRNA-decapping protein functions primarily on a subset of mRNAs in a transcript-specific manner. Here we show that Dcp2 is an important modulator of genes involved in the type I interferon (IFN) response, which is the initial line of antiviral innate immune response elicited by a viral challenge. Mouse embryonic fibroblast cells with reduced Dcp2 levels (Dcp2(β/β)) contained significantly elevated levels of mRNAs encoding proteins involved in the type I IFN response. In particular, analysis of a key type I IFN transcription factor, IFN regulatory factor 7 (IRF-7), revealed an increase in both IRF-7 mRNA and protein in Dcp2(β/β) cells. Importantly, the increase in IRF-7 mRNA within the background of reduced Dcp2 levels was attributed to a stabilization of the IRF-7 mRNA, suggesting that Dcp2 normally modulates IRF-7 mRNA stability. Moreover, Dcp2 expression was also induced upon viral infection, consistent with a role in attenuating the antiviral response by promoting IRF-7 mRNA degradation. The induction of Dcp2 levels following a viral challenge and the specificity of Dcp2 in targeting the decay of IRF-7 mRNA suggest that Dcp2 may negatively contribute to the innate immune response in a negative feedback mechanism to restore normal homeostasis following viral infection.
Article: The c-fos transcript is targeted for rapid decay by two distinct mRNA degradation pathways.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Rapid degradation of c-fos proto-oncogene mRNA is crucial for transient c-fos gene expression. Experiments were performed to investigate the cellular mechanisms responsible for the extremely short half-life of human c-fos mRNA in growth-factor-stimulated fibroblasts. These experiments demonstrate the existence of two distinct cellular pathways for rapid c-fos mRNA degradation. Each of these pathways recognizes a different, functionally independent instability determinant within the c-fos transcript. One instability determinant, which is located within the c-fos 3'-untranslated region, is a 75-nucleotide AU-rich segment. Insertion of this element into beta-globin mRNA markedly reduces the half-life of that normally long-lived message. Nevertheless, specific deletion of the AU-rich element from c-fos mRNA has little effect on the transcript's cytoplasmic half-life due to the presence of the other c-fos instability determinant, which is located in the protein-coding segment of the c-fos message. Examination of mRNA decay in cells treated with transcription inhibitors indicates that one c-fos mRNA degradation pathway is dependent on RNA synthesis, whereas the other is not.Genes & Development 02/1989; 3(1):60-72. · 11.66 Impact Factor