Sam50 functions in mitochondrial intermembrane space bridging and biogenesis of respiratory complexes.
ABSTRACT Mitochondria possess an outer membrane (OMM) and an inner membrane (IMM), which folds into invaginations called cristae. Lipid composition, membrane potential, and proteins in the IMM influence organization of cristae. Here we show an essential role of the OMM protein Sam50 in the maintenance of the structure of cristae. Sam50 is a part of the sorting and assembly machinery (SAM) necessary for the assembly of β-barrel proteins in the OMM. We provide evidence that the SAM components exist in a large protein complex together with the IMM proteins mitofilin and CHCHD3, which we term the mitochondrial intermembrane space bridging (MIB) complex. Interactions between OMM and IMM components of the MIB complex are crucial for the preservation of cristae. After destabilization of the MIB complex, we observed deficiency in the assembly of respiratory chain complexes. Long-term depletion of Sam50 influences the amounts of proteins from all large respiratory complexes that contain mitochondrially encoded subunits, pointing to a connection between the structural integrity of cristae, assembly of respiratory complexes, and/or the maintenance of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA).
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ABSTRACT: By screening a collection of Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants temperature sensitive for growth on a nonfermentable carbon source, we have isolated a gene (termed MAS37) which encodes a novel receptor for protein import into mitochondria. Mas37p is a 37-kD outer membrane protein with two putative membrane-spanning regions. Inactivation of the MAS37 gene renders cells temperature-sensitive for respiration-driven growth, inhibits import of precursors into isolated mitochondria, and is synthetically lethal with a deletion of one of the genes encoding the import receptors Mas70p or Mas20p. Inactivation of Mas37p with specific antibodies inhibits import of different precursors to different extents; the precursor specificity of Mas37p resembles that of the previously described import receptor Mas70p. Mas70p and Mas37p form a 1:1 complex in detergent extracts of mitochondria and overexpression of one protein enhances that of the other. We suggest that the Mas37p/Mas70p heterodimer functions as a receptor for protein import into yeast mitochondria and that the mitochondrial receptor system consists of hetero-oligomeric subcomplexes with distinct binding activities, but overlapping precursor specificities.The Journal of Cell Biology 05/1995; 129(1):25-34. · 10.26 Impact Factor
Article: Molecular characterization of mitofilin (HMP), a mitochondria-associated protein with predicted coiled coil and intermembrane space targeting domains.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We have identified and characterized a human protein of the mitochondria which we call mitofilin. Using monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies, we have isolated cDNA clones and characterized mitofilin biochemically. It appears as a 90 and 91 kDa doublet in western blots and is translated from a single 2.7 kb mRNA. Antibodies raised against cellular and bacterially-expressed protein given identical cytoplasmic immunofluorescence and immunoblot results. Mitofilin co-localizes with mitochondria in immunofluorescence experiments and co-purifies with mitochondria. Double label studies show co-localization only with mitochondria and not with Golgi or endoplasmic reticulum. Co-localization with mitochondria is retained when actin or tubulin are de-polymerized, and mitofilin is expressed in all human cell types tested. The cDNA encodes a polypeptide with a central alpha-helical region with predicted coiled coil domains flanked by globular amino and carboxy termini. Unlike coiled coil motor proteins, mitofilin is resistant to detergent extraction. The presence of mitochondrial targeting and stop-transfer sequences, along with the accessibility of mitofilin to limited proteolysis suggests that it resides predominantly in the intermembrane space, consistent with immuno-electron micrographs which show mitofilin mainly at the mitochondrial periphery. The cDNA sequence of mitofilin is identical to that recently reported by Icho et al. (1994; Gene 144, 301-306) for a mRNA preferentially expressed in heart muscle (HMP), consistent with the high levels of mitochondria in cardiac myocytes.Journal of Cell Science 10/1996; 109 ( Pt 9):2253-64. · 6.11 Impact Factor
Article: Mitofilin is a transmembrane protein of the inner mitochondrial membrane expressed as two isoforms.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Mitofilin, also known as heart muscle protein, is a recently identified mitochondrial protein. We have isolated two human cDNAs that encode different isoforms of mitofilin. Using reverse PCR, we provide evidence that both isoforms are derived by alternative splicing and encode two proteins of 88 and 90 kDa that are detected in immunoblot analyses with mitofilin-specific antibodies. Immunofluorescence microscopy, fractionating of human osteosarcoma cells, and protease protection experiments with isolated mitochondria and mitoplasts indicate that mitofilin is an integral membrane protein of the inner mitochondrial membrane. 35S-labeled mitofilin is transported into isolated yeast mitochondria in a reaction that depends on the membrane potential across the inner mitochondrial membrane (delta psi). During mitochondrial in vitro import, mitofilin is proteolytically processed to the mature protein that is also detected in cellular fractions, indicating that the amino-terminal leader sequence is removed. Sequence analysis and our results suggest that mitofilin is anchored in the inner mitochondrial membrane with an amino-terminal transmembrane domain, while the majority of the protein is extruding into the intermembrane space.Experimental Cell Research 06/1997; 232(2):395-9. · 3.58 Impact Factor