Cyclin D1-negative Blastoid Mantle Cell Lymphoma Identified by SOX11 Expression
ABSTRACT SOX11 expression has been recently shown to be useful in the diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), including cyclin D1-negative MCL with typical morphology. We evaluated SOX11 expression pattern in B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) subtypes to confirm specificity and used it as a feature to identify the first reported cases of cyclin D1-negative blastoid MCL. SOX11 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 140 cases of mature B-NHL, including 4 cases of suspected blastoid MCL that lacked cyclin D1 expression and 8 cases of CD5-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). In addition, 5 cases of B or T lymphoblastic lymphoma were included. Nuclear expression of SOX11 was found in cyclin D1-positive MCL (30/30, 100%) and in a case of cyclin D1-negative MCL with typical morphology. SOX11 was also expressed in Burkitt lymphoma (1/5, 20%) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (2/3 T-LBLs, 2/2 B-LBLs, overall 4/5, 80%), whereas all cases of DLBL (including CD5 DLBL) and other small B-NHL were negative. The 4 suspected cases of blastoid MCL were also SOX11. These cases had a complex karyotype that included 12p abnormalities. We confirmed prior reports that stated that SOX11 nuclear expression was a specific marker for MCL, including cyclin D1-negative MCL with typical morphology. To our knowledge, this is the first report regarding its use in identifying cases of cyclin D1-negative blastoid MCL. Routine use of SOX11 in cases of suspected CD5 DLBL might help identify additional cases of cyclin D1-negative blastoid MCL.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The transcription factor SOX11 is of diagnostic and prognostic importance in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), respectively. Thus, there is an unmet clinical and experimental need for SOX11-targeting assays with low background, high specificity and robust performance in multiple applications, including immunohistochemistry (IHC-P) and flow cytometry, which until now has been lacking. Methods. We have developed SOX11-C1, a monoclonal mouse antibody targeting SOX11, and successfully evaluated its performance in western blots (WB), IHC-P, fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. Results. We confirm the importance of SOX11 as a diagnostic antigen in MCL as 100% of tissue micro array (TMA) cases show bright nuclear staining, using the SOX11-C1 antibody in IHC-P. We also show that previous reports of weak SOX11 immunostaining in a fraction of hairy cell leukemias (HCL) are not confirmed using SOX11-C1, which is consistent with the lack of transcription. Thus, high sensitivity and improved specificity are demonstrated using the monoclonal SOX11-C1 antibody. Furthermore, we show for the first time that flow cytometry can be used to separate SOX11 positive and negative cell lines and primary tumors. Of note, SOX11-C1 shows no nonspecific binding to primary B or T cells in blood and thus, can be used for analysis of B and T cell lymphomas from complex clinical samples. Dilution experiments showed that low frequencies of malignant cells (~1%) are detectable above background using SOX11 as a discriminant antigen in flow cytometry. Conclusions. The novel monoclonal SOX11-specific antibody offers high sensitivity and improved specificity in IHC-P based detection of MCL and its expanded use in flow cytometry analysis of blood and tissue samples may allow a convenient approach to early diagnosis and follow-up of MCL patients.BMC Cancer 06/2012; 12(1):269. DOI:10.1186/1471-2407-12-269 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: We report a case of indolent mantle cell lymphoma with progression to pleomorphic mantle cell lymphoma 8 years after initial presentation. The first lymph node biopsy showed expanded mantle zones composed of uniformly small B lymphocytes. A cyclin D1 immunohistochemical stain was negative and the patient was observed. Eight years later, the patient developed symptomatic splenomegaly. Microscopic examination of the spleen revealed expanded mantle zones with an increased number of large cells with irregular nuclear contours. Immunohistochemistry for cyclin D1 was positive. A repeat cyclin D1 immunohistochemical staining performed on the initial lymph node biopsy was positive, indicating an inadequate initial study. Immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene rearrangement studies confirmed clonal identity. A revised diagnosis of indolent mantle cell lymphoma with progression to pleomorphic mantle cell lymphoma was rendered. The differential diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma, including clinical and morphologic variants, is discussed.Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine 08/2012; 136(8):871-5. DOI:10.5858/arpa.2012-0197-CR · 2.88 Impact Factor
- 09/2012; 3(2):117-126. DOI:10.1007/s12308-010-0069-1