Characteristics of induced ventricular fibrillation cycle length in symptomatic Brugada syndrome patients.
ABSTRACT Limited information is available on the ventricular fibrillation (VF) spectrum in Brugada syndrome (BS) patients. We clarified differences in the VF cycle length (CL) using fast-Fourier transformation (FFT) analysis in symptomatic and asymptomatic BS patients.
VF was induced by pacing from the right ventricular (RV) apex and/or RV outflow tract (RVOT) for >8s. A 4096-point FFT analysis of results from 28 male BS patients (51.1 ± 13.7 years old) was performed. Dominant frequency (DF) from phases 1 (4s) to 6 was obtained at 2-s intervals. The average DF from surface and intracardiac electrograms (ECG: DF(ECG); ICE: DF(ICE,), respectively) was compared between symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Symptomatic patients had a significantly shorter effective refractory period at a CL of 600 ms at the RVOT than asymptomatic patients. DF(ECG) significantly increased with phase (5.64 ± 0.32 Hz in phase 1 to 6.16 ± 0.52 Hz in phase 6) and was significantly higher in symptomatic patients than in asymptomatic patients. DF(ICE) had the same characteristics as DF(ECG).
Induced VF in BS patients can be characterized using FFT analysis. Our data support the hypothesis that symptomatic patients have a significantly shorter VF CL than asymptomatic patients.