Development of short forms from the PROMIS™ sleep disturbance and Sleep-Related Impairment item banks.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, USA.
Behavioral Sleep Medicine (Impact Factor: 1.74). 12/2011; 10(1):6-24. DOI: 10.1080/15402002.2012.636266
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT This article reports on the development of short forms from the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS™) Sleep Disturbance (SD) and Sleep-Related Impairment (SRI) item banks. Results from post-hoc computerized adaptive testing (CAT) simulations, item discrimination parameters, item means, and clinical judgments were used to select the best-performing 8 items for SD and SRI. The final 8-item short forms provided less test information than the corresponding full banks, but correlated strongly with the longer forms. The short forms had greater measurement precision than the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), as indicated by larger test information values across the continuum of severity, despite having fewer total items--a major advantage for both research and clinical settings.

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