miR-21 inhibitor sensitizes human OSCC cells to cisplatin.
ABSTRACT miR-21 as a tumor oncogenic molecule has been reported. However, whether miR-21 can affect the sensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells to cisplatin remain unclear. The aim of this study is to evaluate the roles of miR-21 in the sensitivity of OSCC cells to cisplatin. RT-PCR assay was performed to detect the expression of miR-21 in 10 pairs of OSCC and noncancerous tissue samples. Then As-miR-21 oligonucleotides were used to down the miR-21 expression. Finally, the effects of miR-21 downregulation the sensitivity of OSCC cells (CA-27) to cisplatin in vitro were also detected. The level of miR-21 expression in OSCC tissues was significantly higher than that in corresponding noncancerous tissues. Down the expression of miR-21 could significantly inhibit growth and induce apoptosis of CA-27 cells. Moreover, downregulation of miR-21 could sensitize CA-27 cells to cisplatin possibly by increasing cisplatin induced apoptosis. This study demonstrated that combination of cisplatin application with miR-21 downregulation might be a potential strategy for the treatment of human OSCC.
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ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES: To identify differentially expressed miRNA between oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and non-cancer (NC) and to associate these with clinico-pathological parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: miRNA microarray profiling was utilized to obtain the expression profile of miRNAs in four OSCC and four NC samples. The expression of miR-31 and miR-375 was further validated in 26 OSCC and three NC samples using real-time-PCR. The association between miRNA expression and clinico-pathological parameters was tested by univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Microarray profiling demonstrated that 15 and four miRNAs were up-regulated and down-regulated, respectively, in OSCC as compared with NC. miR-31 and miR-375 were validated as up- and down-regulated miRNAs, respectively. In univariate analyses, expression of miR-31 was significantly elevated in early stage, tumours with no metastatic nodes and those from the buccal mucosa. By contrast, low miR-375 expression was significantly associated with late stage disease, larger tumour size and the non-cohesive type of pattern of invasion in OSCC. The association between miR-31 expression with tumour staging and site and miR-375 with tumour staging remained significant in multivariate analyses. CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified 19 miRNAs significantly associated with OSCC, and expressions of miR-31 and miR-375 were significantly related with clinico-pathological parameters suggesting they could be important in driving oral tumourigenesis.Oral Diseases 04/2013; · 2.38 Impact Factor