BDE-47 sorption and desorption to soil matrix in single- and binary-solute systems.
ABSTRACT Three loamy-clay soil samples (LC1-3) with different properties were collected as the geosorbents to preliminarily investigate the sorption and desorption of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) in single system and binary system with the presence of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209), which can provide information in order to further understand the sorption mechanisms and evaluate the adsorption sites. A concentration of 10 μg L(-1) BDE-209 suppressed the sorption of BDE-47, and the trend became more and more significant with the increase of BDE-47 equilibrium concentration, however, BDE-47 caused no competitive effect on BDE-209 sorption, which was related with the better accessibility of more hydrophobic molecules to adsorption sites. In the binary system, nonlinearity of the BDE-47 sorption isotherms for the three samples changed in different ways, which originated from the varied soil properties. Desorption hysteresis was observed in all cases, which was estimated due to irreversible surface adsorption between sorbent and sorbate. BDE-209 made desorption of BDE-47 more hysteretic from soil samples, which was estimated to be ascribed to the accelerated sorbent state transition and new sites creation caused by BDE-209 sorption.