BDE-47 sorption and desorption to soil matrix in single- and binary-solute systems.
ABSTRACT Three loamy-clay soil samples (LC1-3) with different properties were collected as the geosorbents to preliminarily investigate the sorption and desorption of 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) in single system and binary system with the presence of decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209), which can provide information in order to further understand the sorption mechanisms and evaluate the adsorption sites. A concentration of 10 μg L(-1) BDE-209 suppressed the sorption of BDE-47, and the trend became more and more significant with the increase of BDE-47 equilibrium concentration, however, BDE-47 caused no competitive effect on BDE-209 sorption, which was related with the better accessibility of more hydrophobic molecules to adsorption sites. In the binary system, nonlinearity of the BDE-47 sorption isotherms for the three samples changed in different ways, which originated from the varied soil properties. Desorption hysteresis was observed in all cases, which was estimated due to irreversible surface adsorption between sorbent and sorbate. BDE-209 made desorption of BDE-47 more hysteretic from soil samples, which was estimated to be ascribed to the accelerated sorbent state transition and new sites creation caused by BDE-209 sorption.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A study was conducted on the kinetics, equilibrium, and mechanisms of sorption and desorption of 17α-ethinyl estradiol (EE2) in six sorbents, which were two natural soils (Bulk1 and Bulk2) and their fractions obtained by alkaline extraction, namely, humic acids (HA1 and HA2), and mineral-bond humins (MHU1 and MHU2). These sorbents, characterized by total organic carbon (TOC), black carbon (BC), gas adsorption and Fourier transform infrared spectra, were shown to be porous solids containing aromatic (hard carbon) and aliphatic carbon (soft carbon). The two-compartment first-order model fitted the kinetics of sorption very well (R(2)>0.990). The fast and slow sorption rate constants ranged from 1.110h(-1) and 0.026h(-1) to 2.063h(-1) and 0.067h(-1), respectively. The slow sorption was attributed to the diffusion of EE2 in micropores rather than organic matter. The Freundlich model fitted the equilibrium of sorption and desorption very well. The nonlinearity of sorption took the order MHU>bulk soil>HA and was positively related to BC/TOC (p<0.01). The hysteresis in MHU2 with higher BC/TOC was stronger than that in Bulk2 with lower BC/TOC, but a contrary observation was found in MHU1 and Bulk1. This contradictory phenomenon could be attributed to the location difference of hard carbon which greatly affected the desorption process. These findings could give an insight into the sorption mechanisms and promote an accurate model for the transport, fate and risk assessment of EE2 in the environment.Science of The Total Environment 03/2013; 452-453C:404-410. · 3.26 Impact Factor