Increased levels of interleukin-33 associated with bone erosion and interstitial lung diseases in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
ABSTRACT To analyze the levels of interleukin-33 (IL-33) in the serum of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and investigated its possible pathophysiological importance.
The concentrations of IL-33 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the serum of 121 patients with RA and 47 controls. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), and anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) were measured by standard laboratory techniques. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) was identified on high-resolution computed tomography. Disease activity in RA was scored with the Disease Activity Score 28 based on C-reactive protein levels (DAS28-CRP). The bone erosion of RA patients was evaluated by modified Sharp Score (MSS).
Serum levels of IL-33 and MMP-3 were significantly higher in RA patients than in healthy controls. Significant higher levels of IL-33 were found in CCP-positive group and in patients with ILD. There was positive correlation between the levels of IL-33 and RF. Moreover, there was also positive correlation between IL-33 and MMP-3, MSS.
These data support the hypothesis that IL-33 may be involved in RA pathogenesis and it may partly contribute to the bone erosion in RA patients.
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ABSTRACT: The study aim was to determine the predictive value of interleukin (IL)-33, a recently described member of the IL-1 family of cytokines, for the development of in-stent restenosis (ISR). IL-33 serum levels were measured in 387 consecutive patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of whom 193 had stable angina, 93 non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and 101 ST-elevation MI (STEMI), respectively. Blood was taken directly before and 24 h after stent implantation. The presence of ISR was initially evaluated by clinical means after six to eight months. When presence of myocardial ischemia was suspected, coronary angiography was performed to confirm the suspected diagnosis of ISR. Clinical ISR was present in total in 34 patients (8.8%). IL-33 was detectable in 185 patients and was below detection limit in 202 patients. In patients with decreased IL-33 (n = 95), unchanged or non-detectable levels (n = 210) or increased levels of IL-33 after PCI (n = 82), ISR-rate was 2.1%, 9.5% and 14.6%, respectively (p < 0.05). Accordingly, patients with ISR showed a significant increase of IL-33 upon PCI (p < 0.05). This association was independent from clinical presentation and risk factors as well as numbers and type of stents. In patients with both stable and unstable coronary artery disease, an increase of IL-33 serum levels after stent implantation is associated with a higher rate of in-stent restenosis.Cytokine 01/2014; 67(2):65–70. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an inflammatory autoimmune disease characterized by the destruction of articular joint structures. RA is a systemic condition that often affects multiple organs, including the heart, lungs, and kidneys. Pulmonary complications of RA are relatively common and include pleural effusion, rheumatoid nodules, bronchiectasis, obliterative bronchiolitis, and opportunistic infections. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common occurrence in patients with RA, and can range in severity from an asymptomatic incidental finding to a rapidly progressing life-threatening event. Usual interstitial pneumonia and non-specific interstitial pneumonia are the two most common patterns, though others have been reported. Various disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs-in particular, methotrexate and the tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors-have been associated with RA-ILD in numerous case reports and case series, though it is often difficult to distinguish association from causality. Treatment for RA-ILD typically involves the use of high-dose corticosteroids, often in conjunction with alternative immunosuppressant agents such as azathioprine or mycophenolate mofetil, and outcomes vary widely depending on the initial pattern of lung disease. Additional research into the mechanisms driving RA-ILD is needed to guide future therapy.Drugs 02/2014; · 4.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Interleukin-33 (IL-33) is a recently described member of the IL-1 family. IL-33 acts as an alarmin, chemoattractant, and nuclear factor. ST2, a member of the Toll-like receptor/IL-1R superfamily, the receptor of IL-33, triggers a plethora of downstream effectors and leads the activation of NFK-B, leading the expression of several genes. IL-33 and ST2 are expressed in the majority of cell types, and the IL-33/ST2 axis has a role in immune response, bone homeostasis, and osteoclastogenesis. Several studies show opposite roles of IL-33 in osteoclastogenesis and the implication in bone biology. Few works studied the role of IL-33 in periodontal disease, but we hypothesize a possible role of IL-33 in periodontal disease and bone loss.Mediators of Inflammation 01/2014; 2014:342410. · 3.88 Impact Factor