Increased levels of interleukin-33 associated with bone erosion and interstitial lung diseases in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
ABSTRACT To analyze the levels of interleukin-33 (IL-33) in the serum of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and investigated its possible pathophysiological importance.
The concentrations of IL-33 and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-3 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in the serum of 121 patients with RA and 47 controls. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), and anticyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) were measured by standard laboratory techniques. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) was identified on high-resolution computed tomography. Disease activity in RA was scored with the Disease Activity Score 28 based on C-reactive protein levels (DAS28-CRP). The bone erosion of RA patients was evaluated by modified Sharp Score (MSS).
Serum levels of IL-33 and MMP-3 were significantly higher in RA patients than in healthy controls. Significant higher levels of IL-33 were found in CCP-positive group and in patients with ILD. There was positive correlation between the levels of IL-33 and RF. Moreover, there was also positive correlation between IL-33 and MMP-3, MSS.
These data support the hypothesis that IL-33 may be involved in RA pathogenesis and it may partly contribute to the bone erosion in RA patients.
- SourceAvailable from: Masaki Shimizu[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To assess the role of interleukin (IL)-33 and ST2, the receptor for IL-33, in the pathogenesis of systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (s-JIA), we sequentially measured the serum levels of IL-33 and soluble ST2 (sST2) in patients with s-JIA and determined their correlation with measures of disease activity and severity. Twenty-four patients with s-JIA, 5 with rheumatoid factor positive polyarticular JIA (RF+poly-JIA), and 20 age-matched healthy controls (HCs) were analyzed. IL-33 and sST2 levels were quantified in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Serum IL-33 levels in most patients with active s-JIA were below the lowest detection limit. Serum IL-33 levels in patients with RF+poly-JIA were significantly higher than those in patients with s-JIA and HC. Serum sST2 levels in patients during the active phase of s-JIA were much higher than those in patients with poly-JIA and HC. Serum sST2 levels in patients with s-JIA were significantly elevated even in the inactive phase, when other clinical parameters were normalized. Serum sST2 levels correlated positively with the clinical parameters of disease activity. These findings indicate that ST2 may be an important mediator in s-JIA. Serum sST2 levels in patients with s-JIA correlated with disease activity, suggesting a potential role as a promising indicator of disease activity.Cytokine 04/2013; · 2.52 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: IL-33 is a novel member of the IL-1 family, which has been shown to play an important role in T helper 2 (Th2)-associated immune responses. Recent studies have suggested a possible role for IL-33 in the pathogenesis of liver damage during acute and chronic hepatitis; furthermore, IL-33 may be involved in the development and progression of liver fibrosis. To evaluate serum IL-33 levels in a group of patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) genotype 1b at enrolment and after a course of pegylated (PEG)-IFN plus ribavirin. 60 patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and 65 healthy controls were examined and compared for serum IL-33 levels by ELISA. All CHC patients were submitted to liver biopsy either before starting antiviral treatment or during post-treatment follow up. We evaluated whether post-treatment IL-33 concentration was associated with histologic outcome as well as with virologic response to therapy. Serum IL-33 levels were significantly higher among CHC patients in comparison with healthy controls. IL-33 concentration was lower among patients with a METAVIR fibrosis score F1-F2, compared with those having a more advanced liver disease (METAVIR stage F3-F4). In addition, sustained virologic response (SVR) was associated with a significant drop in IL-33 levels, whereas no changes were found among relapsers and nonresponders. Analogously, patients experiencing liver histologic improvement after antiviral therapy had lower post-treatment IL-33 levels in comparison with baseline values. Contrarily, no variations were detected among subjects with worsened or stable histologic features. IL-33 may represent a new and easy-to-detect biomarker for the diagnosis of liver damage in CHC patients, as it appears to be modulated in parallel with biochemical and histologic parameters, such as ALT levels and liver fibrosis. Furthermore, considering that serum IL-33 concentration was significantly reduced following a successful course of antiviral treatment, this cytokine may also represent a sensitive indicator of SVR.Hepatitis Monthly 12/2012; 12(12):e7611. · 1.25 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Objectives. IL-33, a newly found cytokine which is involved in joint inflammation, could be blocked by a decoy receptor-sST2. The expression and correlation of IL-33 and sST2 in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are of great interest. Methods. Synovial fluid (SF) was obtained from 120 RA and 30 osteoarthritis (OA) patients, and paired sera were collected from 54 of these RA patients. The levels of IL-33 and sST2 were measured by ELISA. Results. SF IL-33 was significantly higher in RA than in OA, which was correlated with disease activity score 28, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, rheumatoid factor (RF)-IgM, RF-IgG, glucose phosphate isomerase (GPI), and immunoglobulin. Serum IL-33 was correlated positively with SF IL-33 in RA. Furthermore, it was correlated with RF-IgM and GPI. sST2 was partly detectable in RA (13 out of 54, 24.1%), while not in OA. Serum sST2 in RA had no significant correlation with serum IL-33 or SF IL-33. However, SFs from both RA and OA patients did not express sST2. Conclusions. This study supported that IL-33 played an important role in the local pathogenesis of RA. Considering the tight correlation between IL-33 and clinical features, it may become a new target of local treatment.Clinical and Developmental Immunology 01/2013; 2013:985301. · 3.06 Impact Factor