Incidence of cytomegalovirus UL97 and UL54 amino acid substitutions detected after 100 or 200 days of valganciclovir prophylaxis.
ABSTRACT The IMPACT study was a randomized, double-blind study comparing 100 to 200 days of VGCV prophylaxis (900 mg once daily) in D+/R- kidney transplant recipients. Although extending the duration of prophylaxis resulted in a significant reduction in confirmed cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease (100-day: 36.8% vs 200-day: 16.1%(1)), the consequence of extending the duration of prophylaxis on the development of viral resistance remains unknown.
To determine whether extending valganciclovir prophylaxis from 100 days to 200 days increased the incidence of ganciclovir resistance.
Genotypic analysis of CMV UL97 and UL54 was conducted on virus isolated from patients meeting the predefined resistance analysis criteria (RAC).
A greater number of patients met the RAC in the 100 day prophylaxis arm (50/163; 31%) compared to the 200 day prophylaxis arm (22/155; 14%). Sequence data were successfully generated for all 200-day patients and 48/50 100-day patients. Three patients in each treatment arm (100 day: 3/163 (1.8%) vs 200 day: 3/155 (1.9%)) had a single known valganciclovir resistance mutation detected (100 day: UL97 gene: M460V, C592G twice; 200 day: UL97 gene: C603W, M460V and UL54 gene: P522S). Overall, a resistance mutation was more likely to be detected if the patient met the RAC during prophylaxis (5/12 (42%)) compared to post-prophylaxis (1/58 (2%)). All six patients with known ganciclovir resistance mutations cleared the virus; three cleared virus without treatment and three cleared virus following treatment.
Extending valganciclovir prophylaxis from 100 days to 200 days did not significantly affect the incidence of ganciclovir resistance.
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ABSTRACT: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) remains one of the most common infections after solid organ transplantation, resulting in significant morbidity, graft loss, and occasional mortality. Management of CMV varies considerably among transplant centers. A panel of experts on CMV and solid organ transplant was convened by The Infectious Diseases Section of The Transplantation Society to develop evidence and expert opinion-based consensus guidelines on CMV management including diagnostics, immunology, prevention, treatment, drug resistance, and pediatric issues.Transplantation 03/2010; 89(7):779-95. · 3.78 Impact Factor