Flow cytometric techniques for detection of candidate cancer stem cell subpopulations in canine tumour models.
ABSTRACT The cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis proposes that tumour growth is maintained by a distinct subpopulation of 'CSC'. This study applied flow cytometric methods, reported to detect CSC in both primary and cultured cancer cells of other species, to identify candidate canine subpopulations. Cell lines representing diverse canine malignancies, and cells derived from spontaneous canine tumours, were evaluated for expression of stem cell-associated surface markers (CD34, CD44, CD117 and CD133) and functional properties [Hoecsht 33342 efflux, aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity]. No discrete marker-defined subsets were identified within established cell lines; cells derived directly from spontaneous tumours demonstrated more heterogeneity, although this diminished upon in vitro culture. Functional assays produced variable results, suggesting context-dependency. Flow cytometric methods may be adopted to identify putative canine CSC. Whilst cell lines are valuable in assay development, primary cells may provide a more rewarding model for studying tumour heterogeneity in the context of CSC. However, it will be essential to fully characterize any candidate subpopulations to ensure that they meet CSC criteria.
Article: Canine atypical malignant lymphoma.[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: An instance of canine malignant lymphoma with some similarities to human Hodgkin's disease is described. Although the clinical data were all within normal limits, the histopathologic changes indicated that in many organs, the normal cell architecture was replaced by a pleomorphic cell population.American Journal of Veterinary Research 08/1979; 40(7):1033-4. · 1.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Our objective in this investigation was to determine whether Hoechst 33342, which is widely recognized as a DNA specific fluorochrome for living cells, is in fact nontoxic and kinetically nonperturbing at dye concentrations required to achieve acceptable DNA distributions. Three cell types were tested: HeLa S-3; SK-DHL2, a human lymphoma cell line; and hematopoietically normal human bone marrow cells. In the third system, only the cloning efficiencies were determined. Results differed considerably for the different cell types. While HeLa cells yielded excellent DNA distributions and were almost completely resistant to the cytotoxic and cytokinetic effects of the dye, SK-DHL2 cells were highly sensitive to the fluorochrome even at dye concentrations which produced very poor DNA distributions. Human bone marrow cells were intermediate in their stainability and toxicity response, and acceptable DNA distributions could be obtained at the nontoxic dye concentration of 2.5 muM. Clearly, different cell types differ considerably with respect to their cytotoxic and kinetic responses to Hoechst 33342. In some cases it may not be possible to ensure adequate staining of the cells for flow cytometry without significantly altering their viability and/or proliferative behavior.Cytometry 08/1982; 3(1):42-7.
- British Journal of Cancer 11/1982; 46(4):675-81. · 5.08 Impact Factor