Effects of interleukin-10 polymorphisms, Helicobacter pylori infection, and smoking on the risk of noncardia gastric cancer.
ABSTRACT Both variations in the interleukin-10 (IL10) gene and environmental factors are thought to influence inflammation and gastric carcinogenesis. Therefore, we investigated the associations between IL10 polymorphisms, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, and smoking in noncardia gastric carcinogenesis in Koreans.
We genotyped three promoter polymorphisms (-1082A>G, -819T>C, and -592 A>C) of IL10 in a case-control study of 495 noncardia gastric cancer patients and 495 sex- and age-matched healthy controls. Multiple logistic regression models were used to detect the effects of IL10 polymorphisms, H. pylori infection, and smoking on the risk of gastric cancer, which was stratified by the histological type of gastric cancer.
The IL10-819C and -592C alleles were found to have complete linkage disequilibrium, and all three IL10 polymorphisms were associated with an increased risk of intestinal-type noncardia gastric cancer. These associations were observed only in H. pylori-positive subjects and current smokers. A statistically significant interaction between the IL10-592 genotype and H. pylori infection on the risk of intestinal-type gastric cancer was observed (P for interaction = 0.047). In addition, H. pylori-positive smokers who were carriers of either the IL10-1082G (OR [95% CI] = 17.76 [6.17-51.06]) or the -592C (OR [95% CI] = 8.37 [2.79-25.16]) allele had an increased risk of intestinal-type gastric cancer compared to H. pylori-negative nonsmokers homozygous for IL10-1082A and -592A, respectively. The interaction between the IL10-1082 polymorphism and the combined effects of H. pylori infection and smoking tended towards significance (P for interaction = 0.080).
Inflammation-related genetic variants may interact with H. pylori infection and smoking to increase the risk of noncardia gastric cancer, particularly the intestinal-type. These findings may be helpful in identifying individuals at an increased risk for developing noncardia gastric cancer.
Article: Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines gene polymorphisms and Helicobacter pylori infection: interactions influence outcome.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether there was any correlation between Helicobacter pylori-associated diseases and (1) H. pylori virulence genes or (2) IL-1B, IL-1RN, IFN-G, TNF-A, IL-10 genetic polymorphisms. Patients with non-cardia gastric cancer (NCGC, n=129) or benign gastroduodenal diseases (n=792) were studied. IL-1RN intron 2 VNTR polymorphism (PCR), IL-1B -31 C/T (RFLP), the SNPs of IFN-G (+874 A/T), TNF-A (-1031 C/T, -857 C/T, -376 A/G, -308 A/G, -238 A/G), IL-10 (-1082 A/G, -819 C/T, -592 A/C) (Taqman chemistry) were studied. cagA, s1 and m1 vacA, were PCR amplified. Duodenal ulcer was more frequent in TNF-A -857 TT and in IL-1RN 1,2 subjects. TNF-A -857 TT genotype was also correlated with gastric ulcer. IL-10 -819 TT genotype was associated with intestinal metaplasia and NCGC. Antral inflammation was associated with TNF-A -1031 TT, while corpus activity with IL-10 -819 CC. H. pylori infection was associated with TNF-A -308 AG genotype, while IFN-G +874 AA genotype was associated with cagA. In conclusion, among host genetic factors contributing to H. pylori disease outcome, IFN-G +874 AA genotype favors cagA positive infections, TNF-A -857 TT duodenal ulcer while IL-10 -819 TT intestinal metaplasia and NCGC.Cytokine 03/2005; 29(4):141-52. · 3.02 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The immensity of genes and molecules implicated in gastric carcinogenesis is overwhelming and the relevant importance of some of these molecules is too often unclear. This review serves to bring us up-to-date with the latest findings as well as to look at the larger picture in terms of how to tackle the problem of solving this multi-piece puzzle. In this review, the environmental nurturing of intestinal cancer is discussed, beginning with epidemiology (known causative factors for inducing molecular change), an update of H. pylori research, including the role of inflammation and stem cells in premalignant lesions. The role of E-cadherin in the nature (genotype) of diffuse gastric cancer is highlighted, and finally the ever growing discipline of SNP analysis (including IL1B) is discussed.Human Genetics 09/2009; 126(5):615-28. · 5.07 Impact Factor
Article: Polymorphisms of IL-1B, IL-1RN, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and IFN-gamma genes in the Korean population.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Cytokines play a crucial role in regulating the immune and inflammatory responses. The collective influence of several cytokines can regulate immune responses as complex as those underlying allograft rejections or autoimmune diseases. Polymorphisms in the regulatory regions of the cytokine genes may influence their expression. Therefore, the polymorphisms of cytokine genes are potentially important as genetic predictors of the disease susceptibility or clinical outcome. In 311 unrelated healthy Korean individuals, we investigated the polymorphisms of cytokine genes (interleukin-1 [IL-1], IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and interferon-gamma [IFN-gamma]), which had been previously reported to be associated with a number of immune diseases, transplant complications, and direct or indirect influences on the level of expression and production. And we also compared the results to those published for other populations. The genotype distributions were consistent with the assumption of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium, with the exceptions of IL-1B +3954 and IL-6-174 polymorphisms. The polymorphisms examined in this study were almost similar to that observed in Asian populations. There were significant differences of the polymorphisms, except for IL-4 receptor alpha +1902, between Korean and other populations. Comparing the alleles associated with higher level of expression and production, IL-1B +3954*T, IL-2-330*G, and IL-4-590*T alleles were significantly higher, and IL-1RN*A2, IL-10-1082*G, and IFN-gamma*2 alleles were lower in Koreans than other populations. Especially in IL-6 promoter -174 polymorphism, we found only the G allele associated with higher plasma IL-6 levels. In haplotype analysis of IL-10 promoter polymorphisms, the GCC haplotype, associated with higher expression of IL-10, was significantly lower in Koreans. These results may be helpful for understanding transplant-related complications, immune or autoimmune diseases, and malignant diseases in the Korean population.Human Immunology 11/2003; 64(10):979-89. · 2.84 Impact Factor