A Case of Severe Heatstroke and Review of Pathophysiology, Clinical Presentation, and Treatment.
ABSTRACT Heatstroke is life-threatening condition characterized by hyperthermia and central nervous system disturbances. It can also be classified as a form of systemic inflammatory response syndrome with multiple organ dysfunction and in many ways resembles sepsis. Like sepsis, most patients with heatstroke demonstrate a hyperdynamic hemodynamic response. In contrast to sepsis, rhabdomyolysis may complicate management and initial fluid resuscitation is not well defined. We present an illustrative case report and review of literature.
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ABSTRACT: Heat stroke is a medical emergency characterized primarily by an elevated core temperature associated with a systemic inflammatory response, which causes multiple organ dysfunction in which encephalopathy predominates. If it is not early treated has high mortality. The Prader-Willi syndrome is a multisystem genetic disorder secondary to an abnormality in long arm chromosome 15 (15q11-q13), characterized by neonatal central hypotonia, developmental delay, hypogonadism, hyperphagia and obesity. These patients are susceptible to developing thermoregulatory problems. We report the case of a 5-month-old infant, in whom a diagnosis of Prader-Willi syndrome was established in the course of a febrile episode without known focus, who developed multiorganic failure and rhabdomyolysis secondary to hyperthermia.Archivos argentinos de pediatría 10/2013; 111(5):441-445. · 0.32 Impact Factor