The relationship between geography and cancer incidence and treatment is a critical area of health outcomes research. Geographical information systems (GIS) are software packages designed to store and analyze data related to geographic locations. Although more commonly associated with the social sciences and urban planning, the use of GIS software in medical research has been increasing. Moreover, since the 1999 establishment of the Geographical Informational Systems Special Interest Group (GISSIG) at the National Cancer Institute, oncology has been at the forefront of GIS-related health research. In this review, we discuss the potential applications and limitations of GIS software in oncology research. Our aims are to help clinicians and policy makers interpret studies generated using GIS, and to help clinical investigators implement GIS in future research.
"This acts as a deterrent to use the data. The lack of trained personnel has also been cited as a key reason why EO is not used by urban planners (Aneja et al. 2011). Lein (2009) proposes the use of ''machine intelligence'' to bridge the gap between advances in EO research and application in local governments. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cities are constantly changing and authorities face immense challenges in obtaining accurate and timely data to effectively manage urban areas. This is particularly problematic in the developing world where municipal records are often unavailable or not updated. Spaceborne earth observation (EO) has great potential for providing up-to-date spatial information about urban areas. This article reviews the application of EO for supporting urban planning. In particular, the article overviews case studies where EO was used to derive products and indicators required by urban planners. The review concludes that EO has sufficiently matured in recent years but that a shift from the current focus on purely science-driven EO applications to the provision of useful information for day-to-day decision-making and urban sustainability monitoring is clearly needed.
Journal of Planning Literature 04/2014; 30(2). DOI:10.1177/0885412214557817 · 1.19 Impact Factor
"Examples of the diseases currently been surveilled in both developed [17,18] and undeveloped countries using GIS are tropical diseases , parasites [20,21], rabies epidemic , maleria [23-27], HIV/AIDS in India  & South Africa , cancer [30,31], communicable diseases [32,33], cholera , and sleeping sickness . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This paper provides an introduction to Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and how they can be used. It reviews the current state of GIS use in health care before identifying the barriers to more pervasive use of GIS in health. Finally, it makes recommendations for the direction of health GIS research over the next decade and concludes with a call to action to health informatics researchers to stop ignoring a tool and methodology that has such immense potential for improving the health of our communities.
Healthcare Informatics Research 06/2012; 18(2):88-96. DOI:10.4258/hir.2012.18.2.88
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