Evaluation of cochlear function using transient evoked otoacoustic emission in children with Familial Mediterranean Fever

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Cumhuriyet University School of Medicine, Sivas, Turkey.
International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology (Impact Factor: 1.19). 03/2012; 76(3):379-81. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2011.12.015
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate cochlear functions in children with Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF).
Fifty-six FMF patients (112 ears) and 30 healthy control subjects (60 ears) were included in the study. Transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) was investigated. Numerical measurements of TEOAE, except the correlation percentage (%), included response amplitude (dB) and signal/noise (SN) ratio.
There was no statistically significant difference in age and sex in the two groups. Mean TEOAE correlation percentage, signal/noise ratio, TEOAE amplitudes in 1, 1.5, 2, 3 and 4 Hz frequency values were not different between the two groups (p>0.05).
In this study using the TEOAE test, we found that FMF did not cause outer cell hair damage in children. In the literature, there is no study on outer cell hair damage in children or adults with FMF, so this is the first investigational study.

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    ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a common and well-understood hereditary periodic fever syndrome. Hereditary periodic fever syndromes include a group of multisystem diseases characterized by recurrent fever attacks with inflammation affecting skin, joints, and some other tissues. These are FMF, tumor necrosis factor receptor, tumor necrosis factor receptor associated periodic syndrome, hyperimmunglobulinemia D syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome, and familial cold urticaria. In literature, it is determined that some of these diseases cause hearing loss. In light of the foregoing, we thought that FMF patients may have the same type of subclinical hearing loss and, therefore, the hearing ability of these patients was evaluated with otoacoustic emission and high frequency audiometry tests.
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