Unintentional Injuries: Magnitude, Prevention, and Control

Department of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.
Annual Review of Public Health (Impact Factor: 6.47). 04/2011; 33(1):175-91. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031811-124558
Source: PubMed


The World Health Organization estimates injuries accounted for more than 5 million deaths in 2004, significantly impacting the global burden of disease. Nearly 3.9 million of these deaths were due to unintentional injury, a cause also responsible for more than 138 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost in the same year. More than 90% of the DALYs lost occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), highlighting the disproportionate burden that injuries place on developing countries. This article examines the health and social impact of injury, injury data availability, and injury prevention interventions. By proposing initiatives to minimize the magnitude of death and disability due to unintentional injuries, particularly in LMICs, this review serves as a call to action for further investment in injury surveillance, prevention interventions, and health systems strengthening.

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