Impact of Hepatitis C Viral Clearance on CD4 + T-Lymphocyte Course in HIV/HCV-Coinfected Patients Treated with Pegylated Interferon Plus Ribavirin

Department of Clinical Sciences, Section of Infectious Diseases and Immunopathology L. Sacco, Università degli Studi di Milano, L. Sacco Hospital, Milan, Italy.
AIDS research and human retroviruses (Impact Factor: 2.33). 01/2012; 28(9):989-93. DOI: 10.1089/AID.2011.0323
Source: PubMed


The long-term impact of pegylated-interferon plus ribavirin (Peg-IFN-RBV) treatment outcome on CD4 T cell course in patients coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of HCV-RNA clearance by standard anti-HCV therapy on long-term CD4 cells recovery in HIV/HCV patients on successful combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). We retrospectively enrolled HIV/HCV-coinfected patients on stable cART, treated with Peg-IFN-RBV between 2005 and 2009. CD4(+) T cell counts were registered at baseline (pre-Peg-IFN-RBV), after 6, 12, and 24 months of follow-up from therapy discontinuation. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of CD4(+) T cell change following the anti-HCV treatment outcome. Of the 116 patients enrolled, 54 (46.6%) reached a sustained virological response (SVR) and 62 (53.4%) did not. Throughout a median follow-up of 24 months, the SVR group showed a mean annual increase in CD4(+) T cell from baseline of 84 cells/μl at 1 year and of a further 38 cells/μl within the second year (p=0.01, 0.001, respectively). A nonsignificant mean increase of 77 cells/μl occurred in the non-SVR group within month 24 (p=0.06). Variables associated with greater CD4 gains were higher nadir and lower pre-interferon CD4 counts, and lower body mass index (BMI). The achievement of SVR was not significantly associated with the change in CD4(+) count. The clearance of HCV replication did not affect the CD4(+) changes after Peg-IFN-RBV therapy in coinfected patients on efficient cART. Liver fibrosis and higher BMI were negative determinants of immune recovery.

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