Transglutaminase-mediated remodeling of the human erythrocyte membrane skeleton: relevance for erythrocyte diseases with shortened cell lifespan.
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Feinberg Medical School Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.Advances in enzymology and related areas of molecular biology 01/2011; 78:385-414. pp.385-414
Nature 12/1973; 246(5428):105-6. · 36.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Previous work has shown that GAPDH (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase), aldolase, PFK (phosphofructokinase), PK (pyruvate kinase) and LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) assemble into a GE (glycolytic enzyme) complex on the inner surface of the human erythrocyte membrane. In an effort to define the molecular architecture of this complex, we have undertaken to localize the binding sites of these enzymes more accurately. We report that: (i) a major aldolase-binding site on the erythrocyte membrane is located within N-terminal residues 1-23 of band 3 and that both consensus sequences D6DYED10 and E19EYED23 are necessary to form a single enzyme-binding site; (ii) GAPDH has two tandem binding sites on band 3, located in residues 1-11 and residues 12-23 respectively; (iii) a PFK-binding site resides between residues 12 and 23 of band 3; (iv) no GEs bind to the third consensus sequence (residues D902EYDE906) at the C-terminus of band 3; and (v) the LDH- and PK-binding sites on the erythrocyte membrane do not reside on band 3. Taken together, these results argue that band 3 provides a nucleation site for the GE complex on the human erythrocyte membrane and that other components near band 3 must also participate in organizing the enzyme complex.Biochemical Journal 12/2006; 400(1):143-51. · 4.90 Impact Factor
Article: Nucleotide binding by the erythrocyte transglutaminase/Gh protein, probed with fluorescent analogs of GTP and GDP.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: GTP is known to be a potent inhibitor of the protein crosslinking activity of transglutaminase (TG), probably the most abundant G protein in the human red cell. Nucleotide binding to TG was examined by fluorescence spectroscopy and anisotropy in mixtures of TG with methylanthraniloyl analogs of GTP and GDP. A characteristic feature was the appearance of a major energy transfer band (lambda(exc, max) = 290 nm, lambda(em) = 444 nm) from protein tryptophans to the bound nucleotides. Quenching of the bound fluorophore (lambda(exc) = 360 nm, lambda(em) = 444 nm) by acrylamide was barely different from that of free ligand. However, major changes were observed in anisotropy, which was used to demonstrate a facile exchange between bound and free nucleotides and to evaluate affinity constants for the binding of methylanthraniloyl GTP and GDP to TG.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 08/2000; 97(14):7744-7. · 9.68 Impact Factor
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