Bim is required for T-cell allogeneic responses and graft-versus-host disease in vivo.
ABSTRACT Bim, a BH3-only Bcl-2-family protein, is essential for T-cell negative selection in the thymus as well as for the death of activated T cells in the periphery. The role of Bim has been extensively studied in T-cell responses to self-antigens and viral infections. Recent findings on Bim in autoimmunity triggered our interest in investigating whether Bim may play a role in another disease with inflammatory symptoms as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Here we report that Bim is required for optimal T-cell responses to alloantigens in vivo and for the development of GVHD. Using murine models of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT), we found that donor T cells deficient for Bim are impaired in the induction of GVHD primarily due to a significant defect in T cell activation and expansion in vivo. Upon TCR engagement, Bim(-/-) T cells exhibited selective defects in CD69 expression and phosphorylation of PLCγ1. Our studies uncover a novel aspect of Bim function in T-cell activation with important implications in understanding the mechanisms of T-cell activation and tolerance under allogeneic transplantation.
Article: Lck is required for activation-induced T cell death after TCR ligation with partial agonists.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: TCR engagement can induce either T cell proliferation and differentiation or activation-induced T cell death (AICD) through apoptosis. The intracellular signaling pathways that dictate such a disparate fate after TCR engagement have only been partially elucidated. Non-FcR-binding anti-CD3 mAbs induce a partial agonist TCR signaling pattern and cause AICD on Ag-activated, cycling T cells. In this study, we examined TCR signaling during the induction of AICD by anti-CD3 fos, a non-FcR-binding anti-CD3 mAb. This mAb activates Fyn, Lck, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase, and induces phosphorylation of Src-like adapter protein, despite the inability to cause calcium mobilization or TCR polarization. Anti-CD3 fos also fails to effectively activate zeta-associated protein of 70 kDa or NF-kappaB. Using Ag-specific T cells deficient for Fyn or Lck, we provide compelling evidence that activation of Lck is required for the induction of AICD. Our data indicate that a selective and distinct TCR signaling pattern is required for AICD by TCR partial agonist ligands.The Journal of Immunology 03/2004; 172(3):1437-43. · 5.79 Impact Factor