Hyperoxia during one lung ventilation: Inflammatory and oxidative responses

Nemours Center for Pediatric Lung Research, Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware. .
Pediatric Pulmonology (Impact Factor: 2.38). 10/2012; 47(10):979-86. DOI: 10.1002/ppul.22517
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT It is common practice during one lung ventilation (OLV) to use 100% oxygen, although this may cause hyperoxia- and oxidative stress-related lung injury. We hypothesized that lower oxygen (FiO(2) ) during OLV will result in less inflammatory and oxidative lung injury and improved lung function.
Twenty pigs (8.88 ± 0.84 kg; 38 ± 4.6 days) were assigned to either the hyperoxia group (n = 10; FiO(2)  = 100%) or the normoxia group (n = 10; FiO(2)  < 50%). Both groups were subjected to 3 hr of OLV. Blood samples were tested for pro-inflammatory cytokines and lung tissue was tested for these cytokines and oxidative biomarkers.
There were no differences between groups for partial pressure of CO(2) , tidal volume, end-tidal CO(2) , plasma cytokines, or respiratory compliance. Total respiratory resistance was greater in the hyperoxia group (P = 0.02). There were higher levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the lung homogenates of the hyperoxia group than in the normoxia group (P ≤ 0.01, 0.001, and 0.001, respectively). Myeloperoxidase and protein carbonyls (PC) were higher (P = 0.03 and P = 0.01, respectively) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) was lower in the lung homogenates of the hyperoxia group (P ≤ 0.001).
Higher myeloperoxidase, PC, and cytokine levels, and lower SOD availability indicate a greater degree of injury in the lungs of the hyperoxia animals, possibly from using 100% oxygen. In this translational study using a pig model, FiO(2)  ≤ 50% during OLV reduced hyperoxic injury and improved function in the lungs. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2012. 47:979-986. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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