Transcription expression and clinical significance of vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA and endostatin mRNA in pleural effusions of patients with lung cancer.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to evaluate the individual and combined diagnostic utility of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA and endostatin mRNA in pleural effusions of patients with lung cancer. Transcription levels of VEGF and endostatin were detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in pleural effusions of patients with lung cancer (92 cases) and with lung benign disease (36 cases). Both VEGF mRNA and endostatin mRNA was significantly higher in malignant, AC, and SCC effusions than in benign effusions (P < 0.01). In the subgrouping, VEGF mRNA was obviously higher than endostatin mRNA in malignant and AC effusions (P < 0.01), whereas VEGF mRNA and endostatin mRNA did not differ between AC group and SCC group (P > 0.05). In single, VEGF mRNA had the highest sensitivity (82.6%) and accuracy (84.3%), whereas endostatin mRNA had the highest specificity (100%). When combinations of VEGF mRNA and endostatin mRNA were evaluated together, they gave a high-diagnostic performance: sensitivity of 95.7% and accuracy of 93.8%, respectively. The detection of VEGF mRNA and endostatin mRNA appears to be suitable for distinguishing carcinoma cells from reactive mesothelial cells in pleural effusions, they could be useful to diagnose the pleural micrometastasis.
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ABSTRACT: To assess the value of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and endostatin in the differential diagnosis of malignant and tuberculous pleural effusions (PE). Effusion samples were collected from 62 patients with malignant PE caused by lung cancer and from 64 patients with tuberculous pleurisy. Concentrations of pleural fluid VEGF and endostatin were measured simultaneously using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and enzyme immunoassay, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy were calculated. PE levels of VEGF and endostatin were found to be significantly elevated in effusions with malignancy rather than in those of tuberculous origin (both P < 0.01). For VEGF, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in diagnosing malignant pleural effusions were respectively 71%, 61% and 66%, while for endostatin the values were respectively 69%, 83% and 76%. A combination of VEGF and endostatin can increase these to respectively 81%, 97% and 89%. Elevated levels of VEGF and endostatin in pleural effusions may be helpful in diagnosing malignant pleural effusions, while a combination of VEGF and endostatin can increase the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of differentiating malignant from tuberculous pleural effusions.The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease: the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 03/2009; 13(3):381-6. · 2.61 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The detection of micrometastatic disease remains a challenge for the diagnosis and monitoring of malignant disease. RT-PCR for human mammaglobin (hMAM) was recently shown to provide a sensitive method for assessing circulating breast cancer cells in peripheral blood. This study was aimed at investigating hMAM expression in normal and malignant tissue from the female genital tract and the prostate as well as in malignant effusions derived from gynecologic malignancies. hMAM expression was analyzed with nested RT-PCR in 152 samples of normal (n = 73) and malignant epithelial tissues (n = 79) and in 33 specimens of various normal mesenchymal tissue types. We found hMAM expression was not restricted to the normal mammary gland and breast carcinoma but was also detectable in most specimens of benign and malignant epithelial tissue from the ovary (97% versus 95%), uterus (both 100%), and cervix (91% versus 90%). Notably, hMAM expression was also found in benign prostatic hyperplasia (45%) and in prostate cancer (55%). A much lower expression rate was found in various normal and benign mesenchymal tissues (12%). In keeping with our previous data, hMAM expression was absent in all control samples (n = 124) of peripheral blood and bone marrow from healthy volunteers and patients with hematologic malignancies. In pleural or peritoneal effusions (n = 42) from patients with carcinomas of the breast, endometrium, or ovary, hMAM positivity was noticed in the majority of cases (74%), whereas only 52% of the specimens were cytologically positive for tumor cells. In conclusion, hMAM expression assessed by nested RT-PCR is a sensitive molecular marker for detecting micrometastatic tumor spread into pleural effusions and ascites from patients with breast cancer and various other gynecologic neoplasms.Laboratory Investigation 10/2002; 82(9):1147-53. · 3.96 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Differentiating reactive mesothelial cells from malignant mesotheliomas and from adenocarcinomas can be diagnostically challenging when based solely on the morphologic examination of serous fluids. The diagnosis even after the use of standard immunohistochemical stains may at times be inconclusive because of the variable reactivity of mesothelial cells for these markers. Pathologists and cytologists underutilize reactivity for desmin, a feature of mesothelial cells apparently not shared by adenocarcinomas. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which mesothelial cells express muscle differentiation and to assess the diagnostic utility of muscle markers in distinguishing reactive mesothelial cells from malignant mesotheliomas and adenocarcinomas. Archival paraffin-embedded cell blocks of serous fluids from 24 cases of reactive mesothelial cells, 14 cases of malignant mesothelioma, and 56 cases (14 cases from each) of metastatic adenocarcinoma from the lung, breast, ovary, and gastrointestinal tract were retrieved. Five cases of omentum with unremarkable mesothelial cells were also included in the study. All cases were stained for desmin, actin, myoglobin, and myogenin and evaluated independently by two observers. Strong cytoplasmic reactivity for desmin was noted in 22 of 24 cases (92%) of reactive mesothelial cells. The reactive mesothelial cells did not express actin, myoglobin, or myogenin. All cases of malignant mesothelioma and metastatic adenocarcinoma were negative for the four muscle markers. The mesothelial lining and scattered subserosal cells in the omental sections were positive for desmin. Because desmin was expressed only in benign mesothelial cells, it may serve as a reliable marker in distinguishing reactive mesothelial cells from mesothelioma or from adenocarcinoma. Awareness of this staining pattern is also important to avoid pitfalls when evaluating body fluid specimens from patients with a history of tumors expressing muscle differentiation.Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry 07/2002; 10(2):178-82. · 1.63 Impact Factor